сам

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *samъ.

Pronoun[edit]

сам (samm

  1. (definitive pronoun, emphatic) self: (я...) myself, (ты...) yourself, (ён...) himself, (яна...) herself, (яно...) itself, (мы...) ourselves, (вы...) yourselves, (яны...) themselves

Adverb[edit]

сам (samm

  1. even: (я...) I even..., (ты/вы...) you even..., (ён...) he even..., (яна...) she even..., (яно...) it even..., (мы...) we even..., (яны...) they even...

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

сам (sam) (comparative посам, superlative најсам)

  1. alone, by oneself

Inflection[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

сам (samm, сама́ f (samá), само́ n (samó), са́ми pl (sámi)

  1. (definitive pronoun, emphatic) self, -self

Declension[edit]

Masc. sg. Fem. sg. Neut. sg. Plural
nominative сам (sam) сама́ (samá) само́ (samó) са́ми (sámi)
genitive самого́ (samovó) само́й (samój) самого́ (samovó) сами́х (samíx)
dative самому́ (samomú) само́й (samój) самому́ (samomú) сами́м (samím)
accusative сам (sam), самого́ (samovó) саму́ (samú), самоё (samojó)* само́ (samó) са́ми (sámi), сами́х (samíx)
instrumental сами́м (samím) само́й (samój), само́ю (samóju) сами́м (samím) сами́ми (samími)
prepositional о само́м (samóm) о само́й (samój) о само́м (samóm) о сами́х (samíx)

*an acrhaic form

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

Adjective[edit]

са̑м (definite са̑мӣ, Latin spelling sȃm)

  1. alone, sole
  2. the very
  3. unaided, single-handed
  4. absolute, mere, unmixed
  5. solitary, secluded
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)esmь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *esmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es-.

Verb[edit]

са̏м (Latin spelling sȁm)

  1. first-person singular present tense enclitic form of бити.
    Ту сам. — I'm here.

Ukrainian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

сам (samm

  1. (definitive pronoun, emphatic) self: (я сам, сама́) myself, (ти сам, сама́) yourself, (він сам) himself, (вона́ сама́) herself, (воно́ само́) itself, (ми сами́, самі́) ourselves, (ви сами́, самі́) yourselves, (вони́ сами́, самі́) themselves

Declension[edit]