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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
自-bw.png
Stroke order
自-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Originally Pictogram (象形) of a nose; in China (and East Asia) one points at one’s nose to indicate oneself, hence Ideogram (指事) of “self”.

Original meaning of “nose” has been lost; compare (originally “acorn”, now “white”).

自 自 自 自
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 132 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山 (HBU), four-corner 26000)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1000, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1452, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3046, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81EA

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (自), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 疾二切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziɪH/ /d͡zʱiH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡ziH/ /d͡zjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dzijH › /*N-tsit-s {*N-tsi[t]-s}/ self (adv.)
‹ dzijH › /*S.bit-s {*S.[b]i[t]-s}/ to follow; from
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17879 1 /*ɦljids/

Noun[edit]

  1. self, oneself; one's own

Adverb[edit]

  1. certainly, of course
  2. personally

Preposition[edit]

  1. since; from

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ja) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, từ, tợ)

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