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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人廿日 (OTA), four-corner 24261, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 108, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 230, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 171, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+501F

Chinese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (借), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 麻
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 子夜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siaH/ /t͡si̯aH/ /t͡siaH/ /t͡siaH/ /t͡siaH/ /t͡sĭaH/ /t͡siaH/
Character (借), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 昔
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 資昔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siᴇk̚/ /t͡si̯ɛk̚/ /t͡siɛk̚/ /t͡siɛk̚/ /t͡siajk̚/ /t͡sĭɛk̚/ /t͡siæk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiè ‹ tsjæH › /*[ts]Ak-s/ loan, borrow
jiè ‹ tsjek › /*[ts]Ak/ loan, borrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13269 0 /*ʔsjaːɡs/
13298 0 /*ʔsjaːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to lend
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ méi yǒu shū, nǐ néng jiè wǒ yī běn ma? [Pinyin]
    I haven' t got any book ; can you lend me one ?
    可以 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    可以 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Ho2 m4 ho2–ji5 ze3 bun2 syu1 bei2 ngo5 aa3? [Jyutping]
    Can you lend me a book?
  2. to borrow
    可以 [MSC, trad.]
    可以 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ kěyǐ jiè nǐ de shū ma? [Pinyin]
    Can I borrow your book?
  3. to make use of; by means of; to take advantage of (an opportunity);
    慈善事業欺騙他們 [MSC, trad.]
    慈善事业欺骗他们 [MSC, simp.]
    jiè císhàn shìyè wèi míng qīpiàn le tāmen. [Pinyin]
    He deceived them under the veil of charity.
    他們雷達標示飛機動向 [MSC, trad.]
    他们雷达标示飞机动向 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen jiè léidá biāoshì fēijī de dòngxiàng. [Pinyin]
    They plotted aircraft movements by radar.
    閃爍燭光讀書 [MSC, trad.]
    闪烁燭光读书 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā jiè zhe shǎnshuò de zhúguāng dúshū. [Pinyin]
    She was reading by the flickering light of the candle.
    機會你們幫助表示感謝 [MSC, trad.]
    机会你们帮助表示感谢 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ xiǎng jiè zhè ge jīhuì, duì nǐmen de bāngzhù biǎoshì gǎnxiè. [Pinyin]
    I would like to take advantage of this opportunity to express my thanks for your help.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (dài, "to lend on interest, to borrow")

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cha, jeok) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ch'a, chŏk)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

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