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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

失 失 失
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 丿

Something 丿 falling from a hand .

References[edit]

  • Richard Sears, "失 etymology" (in Mandarin/English), Chinese Etymology. URL accessed on 2014-02-22.

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹手人 (HQO), four-corner 25030, composition丿)

  1. lose
  2. make a mistake, neglect

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 249, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 508, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 525, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5931

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (失), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 式質切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɪt̚/ /ɕi̯ĕt̚/ /ɕiĕt̚/ /ɕit̚/ /ɕit̚/ /ɕĭĕt̚/ /ɕjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shī ‹ syit › /*l̥ i[t]/ lose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11426 2 /*hliɡ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to lose
  2. to fail
  3. to neglect, to miss

Noun[edit]

  1. mistake

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sil) (hangeul , revised sil, McCune-Reischauer sil, Yale sil)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thất, thắt)

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