三十

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (三十, reconstructed)
Character (三), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 蘇甘切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sam/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/
Character (十), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 是執切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɪp̚/ /ʑi̯əp̚/ /ʑiəp̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /ʑĭĕp̚/ /d͡ʑjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (三十, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sān ‹ sam › /*srum {*sr[u]m} (*sr- › *s-; infl. by 四 *s-?)/ three
shí ‹ dzyip › /*t.ɡəp {*t.[ɡ]əp}/ ten
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10963 3 /*suːm/
11452 3 /*ɡjub/

Numeral[edit]

三十

  1. thirty

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

三十 (samsip) (hangeul 삼십)

  1. Hanja form? of 삼십.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 1
じゅう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

/mi1so1/ → /miso/. Compound of mi (three) and so (ten).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

三十 (hiragana みそ, romaji miso)

  1. thirty

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of miso (thirty) and suffix chi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

三十 (hiragana みそち, romaji misochi)

  1. thirty
  2. thirty years of age
Derived terms[edit]
  • 三十 (misoji)

Etymology 3[edit]

/misodi/ → /misozi/. From earlier misochi. Final -chi voices in compounding.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

三十 (hiragana みそじ, romaji misoji, historical hiragana みそぢ)

  1. thirty
  2. thirty years of age

Etymology 4[edit]

/sanzihu/: */sanzipu/ → /sanziɸu/ → */sanziwu/ → /sanziu/ → /sanzyuː/. Compound of san (three) and (ten).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

三十 (hiragana さんじゅう, romaji sanjū, historical hiragana さんじふ)

  1. thirty

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

三十

  1. Hán tự form of tam thập, "thirty"