-ka

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Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Appended to words to create a feminine version of a noun, especially a profession, origin, or proper name.
  2. Appended to words to create a diminutive form of a noun.

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric, compare to Estonian -ke and Finnish -ke.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Diminutive suffix.
    cukor (sugar) → cukorka (candy)
    asztal (table) → asztalka (small table)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -ka is added to back vowel words
    -ke is added to front vowel words

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-ka

  1. rōmaji reading of

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka f

  1. feminine noun suffix
  2. diminutive noun suffix

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka (Cyrillic spelling -ка)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, denoting a part, profession, feature, membership, origin, social status, complexion, proper name, abstract noun or animal's name.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix[edit]

-ka

  1. Denotes that the word is a feminine version of the word it is appended to.
    Talian (m, an Italian man) + -ka = Talianka (f, an Italian woman)
  2. Sometimes denotes a word as a diminutive
    mucha (f, a fly) + -ka = muška (f, a small fly)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]