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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
星-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲) Originally . The upper part is the semantic part, and is shaped like twinkling stars. The lower part is the phonetic part.

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日竹手一 (AHQM), four-corner 60104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 492, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 855, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1500, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+661F

Chinese[edit]

star; satellite; small amount
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (星), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 桑經切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/seŋ/ /sieŋ/ /seŋ/ /seŋ/ /sɛjŋ/ /sieŋ/ /sɛŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīng ‹ seng › /*s-tsʰˤeŋ/ star

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11371 0 /*sleːŋ/ 説文曐或體

Noun[edit]

  1. star
  2. heavenly body

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. star

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Possibly cognate with Korean (byeol, star) and Manchu ᡠᠰᡳᡥᠠ (usiha, star).

/posi/ > /ɸosi/ > /hoɕi/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ほし, romaji hoshi)

  1. star
  2. (tarot): The Star; the seventeenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ほし, romaji Hoshi)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seong, McCune-Reischauer: sŏng, Yale: seng)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: byeol, McCune-Reischauer: byŏl)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tinh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.