使

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See also: 便

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

使 (radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人十中大 (OJLK), four-corner 25206, composition)

  1. cause, send on a mission, order
  2. envoy, messenger, ambassador

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 101, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 573
  • Dae Jaweon: page 213, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 145, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F7F

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.
使

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (使, reconstructed)
Character (使), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 踈士切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨX/ /ʂiX/ /ʃiəX/ /ʃɨX/ /ʂɨX/ /ʃĭəX/ /ʃieX/
Character (使), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 踈吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨH/ /ʂiH/ /ʃiəH/ /ʃɨH/ /ʂɨH/ /ʃĭəH/ /ʃieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (使, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
使 shǐ ‹ sriX › /*s-rəʔ/ send; cause
使 shǐ ‹ sriH › /*s-rəʔ-s/ envoy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
使 11488 0 /*srɯʔ/
使 11491 0 𩢲 /*srɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

使

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 大使館 (たいしかん, taishikan, embassy)
  • 天使 (てんし, tenshi, angel)

Usage notes[edit]

使う (tsukau) is the most common word for "to use."

Noun[edit]

使 (hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. messenger

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

使 (sa, si) (hangeul , , revised sa, si, McCune-Reischauer sa, si)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

使 (sứ, sử, sửa, thửa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]