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Character  시 
Hangul Syllables U+C2DC
Composition +
Dubeolsik keyboard entry t-l

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]




싀 ←

싸 →

Syllable[edit]

(transliterations: RR si, RRT , McCune–Reischauer si, Yale si)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(si)

  1. honorably, rightly, justly; the honorific suffix applied to verbs and adjectives

Usage notes[edit]

The honorific form of verbs expresses the social superiority of the subject of the sentence to the speaker. As applied to adjectives, it expresses the relationship between the modified noun and the speaker.

For all but a few verbs and adjectives, the honorific form is constructed by appending 시 (si) if the stem ends in a vowel or 으시 (eusi) if the stem ends in a consonant:

Plain (non-honorific) Honorific
하다 (hada, "to do") (hasida, "to do (by someone superior to the speaker)"
가다 (gada, "to go") (gasida, "to go (by someone superior to the speaker)"
작다 (jakda, "(to be) small") 으시 (jag-eusida, "(for something superior to the speaker) to be small"

See also[edit]

  • (nim), the honorific suffix for many nouns

Etymology 3[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Noun[edit]

(si, McCune-Reischauer: shi) (hanja )

  1. town, city
  2. (South Korea, government) an administrative region, a division of a province having a population of over 150,000

(Administrative divisions of South Korea) (ri), (dong), (myeon), (eup), (gu), (gun), (si), (do)

Noun[edit]

(si, McCune-Reischauer: shi) (hanja )

  1. poem, poetry

Noun[edit]

(si, McCune-Reischauer: shi) (hanja )

  1. time
  2. hour

Noun[edit]

(si) (hanja )

  1. give, grant, bestow