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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (speech) + phonetic  – poetry is a form of language, speech.

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口土木戈 (YRGDI), four-corner 04641)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1157, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35427
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1622, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3961, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A69

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (詩), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 書之切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨ/ /ɕi/ /ɕiə/ /ɕɨ/ /ɕɨ/ /ɕĭə/ /ɕie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shī ‹ syi › /*s.təә/ poetry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12052 0 /*hljɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. poem, verse, ode; poetry

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. poetry, poem
  2. (archaic) Chinese-style poetry
  3. modern Japanese poetry

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. poem

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

(si) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “poem, poetry”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of thi, thơ, "poetry, poem"