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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
侍-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人土木戈 (OGDI), four-corner 24241, composition)

  1. serve, attend upon
  2. attendant, servant
  3. samurai

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 101, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 589
  • Dae Jaweon: page 215, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 143, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+4F8D

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (侍), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 時吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨH/ /ʑiH/ /ʑiəH/ /d͡ʑɨH/ /d͡ʑɨH/ /ʑĭəH/ /d͡ʑieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ dzyiH › /*[d]əʔ-s/ accompany, wait upon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12049 0 /*djɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to serve

The very Chinese character rootedly means to serve and to accompany at the same time. Meanwhile, it makes up relative words as follows.

  • 侍从: shicong, servants of the emperor or officials.
  • 侍奉: shifeng, to serve.
  • 侍候: shihou, to serve in a more respectul way with an implication of waiting ().
  • 侍郎: shilang, a title of a sort of ancient official.
  • 侍弄: shinong, to detail.

References[edit]

  • Contemporary Chinese Dictionary (Xiandai Hanyu Cidian), Beijing: Commercial Press, 1994

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

saburapi > saburaɸi > saburawi > saburai. The nominalized form of the verb saburap-.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さぶらい, romaji saburai, historical hiragana さぶらひ)

  1. one who serves nearby; a servant
  2. a warrior; samurai
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 545)
      Saburai. サブライ(侍) 貴族, または,尊敬すべき人〔武士〕.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さむらい
Grade: S
kun'yomi

saburaɸi > samuraɸi > samurawi > samurai. From earlier saburaɸi.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さむらい, romaji samurai, historical hiragana さむらひ)

  1. one who serves nearby; a servant
  2. a warrior; samurai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Readings[edit]

Verb[edit]

See 侍する (じする, jisuru) or 侍る (はべる, haberu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]