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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
侍-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人土木戈 (OGDI), four-corner 24241, composition)

  1. serve, attend upon
  2. attendant, servant

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 101, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 589
  • Dae Jaweon: page 215, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 143, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+4F8D

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping si6, Yale si6)

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

saburapi > saburaɸi > saburawi > saburai. The nominalized form of the verb saburap-.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さぶらい, romaji saburai, historical hiragana さぶらひ)

  1. one who serves nearby; a servant
  2. a warrior; samurai
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 545)
      Saburai. サブライ(侍) 貴族, または,尊敬すべき人〔武士〕.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さむらい
Grade: S
kun'yomi

saburaɸi > samuraɸi > samurawi > samurai. From earlier saburaɸi.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さむらい, romaji samurai, historical hiragana さむらひ)

  1. one who serves nearby; a servant
  2. a warrior; samurai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Verb[edit]

See 侍する (じする, jisuru) or 侍る (はべる, haberu)

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Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shì (shi4), Wade-Giles shih4)

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  2. to serve

The very Chinese character rootedly means to serve and to accompany at the same time. Meanwhile, it makes up relative words as follows.

  • 侍从: shicong, servants of the emperor or officials.
  • 侍奉: shifeng, to serve.
  • 侍候: shihou, to serve in a more respectul way with an implication of waiting ().
  • 侍郎: shilang, a title of a sort of ancient official.
  • 侍弄: shinong, to detail.

Reference: Contenporary Chinese Dictionary (Xiandai Hanyu Cidian), Beijing: Commercial Press, 1994


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thị)

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References[edit]