late

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English late, lat, from Old English læt (slow; slack, lax, negligent; late), from Proto-Germanic *lataz (slow, lazy), from Proto-Indo-European *lē(y)d- (to weaken, tire, relax, subside). Cognate with Scots lat (late), Saterland Frisian leet (late), West Frisian let (late), Dutch laat (late), Low German laat (late), German lass (dull, limp), Swedish lat (idle, lazy), Icelandic latur (lazy), Latin lassus (weary, faint).

Adjective[edit]

late (comparative later, superlative latest)

  1. Near the end of a period of time.
    It was late in the evening when we finally arrived.
  2. Specifically, near the end of the day.
    It was getting late and I was tired.
  3. (usually not used comparatively) Associated with the end of a period.
    Late Latin is less fully inflected than classical Latin.
  4. Not arriving until after an expected time.
    Even though we drove as fast as we could, we were still late.
    Panos was so late that he arrived at the meeting after Antonio, who had the excuse of being in hospital for most of the night.
  5. Not having had an expected menstrual period.
    I'm late, honey. Could you buy a test?
  6. (not comparable, euphemistic) Deceased, dead: used particularly when speaking of the dead person's actions while alive. (Often used with "the"; see usage notes.)
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      To Edward […] he was terrible, nerve-inflaming, poisonously asphyxiating. He sat rocking himself in the late Mr. Churchill's swing chair, smoking and twaddling.
    Her late husband had left her well provided for.
    The piece was composed by the late Igor Stravinsky.
  7. Existing or holding some position not long ago, but not now; departed, or gone out of office.
    the late bishop of London;  the late administration
  8. Recent — relative to the noun it modifies.
    • 1914, Robert Frost, North of Boston, "A Hundred Collars":
      Lancaster bore him — such a little town, / Such a great man. It doesn't see him often / Of late years, though he keeps the old homestead / And sends the children down there with their mother []

Usage notes[edit]

  • (deceased): Late in this sense is unusual among English adjectives in that it qualifies named individuals (in phrases like the late Mary) without creating a contrast with another Mary who is not late. Contrast hungry: a phrase like the hungry Mary is usually only used if another Mary is under discussion who is not hungry.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

late (plural lates)

  1. (informal) A shift (scheduled work period) that takes place late in the day or at night.
    • 2007, Paul W Browning, The Good Guys Wear Blue
      At about 11 pm one night in Corporation Street my watch were on van patrol and Yellow Watch were on lates as usual.

Adverb[edit]

late (comparative later, superlative latest)

  1. After a deadline has passed, past a designated time.
    We drove as fast as we could, but we still arrived late.
  2. formerly, especially in the context of service in a military unit.
    Colonel Easterwood, late of the 34th Carbines, was a guest at the dinner party.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2009 April 3, Peter T. Daniels, "Re: Has 'late' split up into a pair of homonyms?", message-ID <bdb13686-a6e4-43cd-8445-efe353365394@l13g2000vba.googlegroups.com>, alt.usage.english and sci.lang, Usenet.

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

late

  1. Inflected form of laat

Verb[edit]

late

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of laten

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

late (genitive lattien, partitive latettu)

  1. floor

Latin[edit]

Adverb[edit]

lātē (comparative lātius, superlative lātissimē)

  1. broadly, widely
  2. extensively
  3. far and wide, everywhere
  4. lavishly, to excess

Related terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lát (conduct, demeanour, voice, sound, literally let, letting, loss) (from Proto-Germanic *lētiją (behaviour), from Proto-Indo-European *lēid-, *lēy- (to leave, let). Cognate with Middle Low German lāt (outward appearance, gesture, manner), Old English lǣtan (to let). More at let.

Noun[edit]

late

  1. Manner; behaviour; outward appearance or aspect.
  2. A sound; voice.
    • c 1275-1499, King Alexander
      Than have we liking to lithe the lates of the foules.

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Adverbial form of læt

Adverb[edit]

late

  1. late

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

late

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of latir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of latir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of latir.

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

late

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of lat.