loot

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch loet, loete ("scoop, shovel, scraper"; > Modern Dutch loet), from Old Dutch *lōta, from Old Frankish *lōtija (scoop, ladle), from Proto-Germanic *hlōþþijō (ladle), from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂- (to lay down, deposit, overlay), from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to push, propel, drive). Cognate with Scots lute, luyt (scoop, ladle), West Frisian loete, lete, Middle Low German lōte (rake), French louche ("ladle"; < Germanic). Related to lade, ladle.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

loot (plural loots)

  1. (UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) A kind of scoop or ladle, chiefly used to remove the scum from brine-pans in saltworks.

Etymology 2[edit]

Attested 1788, a loan from Hindustani लूट/لوٹ (lūṭ, spoil, booty), from Sanskrit लुण्ट (luṇṭa, to rob, plunder). The verb is from 1842. Fallows (1885) records both the noun and the verb as "Recent. Anglo-Indian".

In origin only applicable to plundering in warfare. A figurative meaning developed in American English in the 1920s, resulting in a generalized meaning by the 1950s

Noun[edit]

loot (uncountable)

  1. The act of plundering.
    the loot of an ancient city
  2. plunder, booty, especially from a ransacked city.
  3. (colloquial, US) any prize or profit received for free, especially Christmas presents
    • 1956 "Free Loot for Children" (LIFE Magazine, 23 April 1956, p. 131)
  4. (video games) Items dropped from defeated enemies in video games and online games.
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

loot (third-person singular simple present loots, present participle looting, simple past and past participle looted)

  1. to steal, especially as part of war, riot or other group violence.
    • 1833 "Gunganarian, the leader of the Chooars, continues his system of looting and murder", The asiatic Journal and monthly register for British India and its Dependencies Black, Parbury & Allen, p. 66.
  2. (video games) to examine the corpse of a fallen enemy for loot.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  • Samuel Fallows, The progressive dictionary of the English language: a supplementary wordbook to all leading dictionaries of the United States and Great Britain (1885).

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

loot

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of loten
  2. imperative of loten

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *lōt, from Proto-Germanic *laudą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lôot n (stem lod-)

  1. lead (metal)

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]