descendant

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English dessendaunte, from Middle French, from Latin dēscendēns, present participle of descendere, from + scandere (to climb, ascend).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

descendant (not comparable)

  1. descending from a biological ancestor.
  2. proceeding from a figurative ancestor or source.

Usage notes[edit]

The adjective may be spelled either with ant or ent as the final syllable (see descendent). The noun may be spelled only with ant.

Alternative forms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

descendant (plural descendants)

  1. (literally) One who is the progeny a specified person, at any distance of time or through any number of generations.
    The patriarch survived many descendants: five children, a dozen grandchildren, even a great grandchild.
  2. (figuratively) A thing that derives directly from a given precursor or source.
    This famous medieval manuscript has many descendants.
  3. (biology) A later evolutionary type.
    Dogs evolved as descendants of early wolves.
  4. (linguistics) A language that is descended from another.
    English and Scots are the descendants of Old English.
  5. (linguistics) A word or form in one language that is descended from a counterpart in an ancestor language.
    • 1993, Jens Elmegård Rasmussen, “The Slavic i-verbs with an excursus on the Indo-European ē-verbs”, in Bela Brogyanyi and Reiner Lipp (editors), Comparative-Historical Linguistics, John Benjamins Publishing, ISBN 978-90-272-3598-5, page 479:
      The direct descendant of this form is the Slavic aorist: Sb.-Cr. nȍsī, dȍnosī.

Usage notes[edit]

The adjective may be spelled either with ant or ent as the final syllable (see descendent). The noun may be spelled only with ant.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dēscendēns, the present participle of descendere, itself from + scandere (climb, ascend).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

descendant

  1. Present participle of descendre.

Noun[edit]

descendant m (plural descendants, feminine descendante)

  1. A descendant; one who is the progeny of someone at any distance of time; e.g. a child; a grandchild, etc.

Antonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

descendant m (feminine descendante, masculine plural descendants, feminine plural descendantes)

  1. (which is) descending.

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

dēscendant

  1. third-person plural present active subjunctive of dēscendō