som

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Kyrgyz сом (som) and Uzbek сўм (Cyrillic) / soʻm (Roman), both of which come from the Turkic root *som ("pure [gold]").

Noun[edit]

som (plural soms)

  1. The currency of Uzbekistan.
  2. The currency of Kyrgyzstan.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

som

  1. first-person plural present indicative form of ser

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

som ?

  1. archaic form of sumec

Danish[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

som

  1. as (in the same way that)
  2. like
  3. such as
  4. for

Pronoun[edit]

som

  1. (relative) who, which, that

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

som f (plural sommen, diminutive sommetje n)

  1. sum

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Turkic language, compare Turkmen çüm (cornel), Kumyk чуm (čum, berry).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

som (plural somok)

  1. cornel

Declension[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

som

  1. rafsi of sombo.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

som

  1. first-person singular present of byś

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch sum, from Proto-Germanic *sumaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

som

  1. some

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

som

  1. as; similar to, in the same way that

Pronoun[edit]

som

  1. (reflexive) who, which

Preposition[edit]

som

  1. as; to the same extent or degree that

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sem.

Conjunction[edit]

som

  1. as

Pronoun[edit]

som

  1. who

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sumr.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • sum (now nonstandard)

Pronoun[edit]

som m (feminine som, neuter somt, plural somme)

  1. some
    Somt av det er nytt, resten er gamalt.
    Some of it is new, the rest is old.

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese son (influenced by Old Provençal son), sõo, from Latin sonus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

som m (plural sons)

  1. sound

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *somъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sȍm m (Cyrillic spelling со̏м)

  1. catfish

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Verb[edit]

som (first-person singular of byť)

  1. am

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish som or sum, in Runic inscriptions also sim, same as Icelandic sem, from Proto-Indo-European *sḗm (one), also related to the prefix sam- (co-, common, together) and suffix -sam (-some, -like). Still in the Poetic Edda, the Icelandic sem is only used as a comparative particle, e.g. Hávamál 23 allt er víl sem var (And his woe is just as it was). With time it has displaced other relative conjunctions (es, er). Its use as a pronoun is of a later date.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

som

  1. as, like; similar to
    Flitig som ett bi.
    Busy as a bee.
    Hon lät som en häst.
    She sounded like a horse.
  2. as; in the same way that
    Som du önskar.
    As you wish.

Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

som

  1. (relative) who, which, that
    Det var hon som gjorde det.
    She is the one who did it.
    Det där är stenen som kraschade rutan.
    That’s the stone that broke the window.
  2. as; to the same extent or degree that
    Du är inte lika lång som jag är.
    You are not as tall as I am.
    Du är inte lika lång som jag.
    You are not as tall as me.

References[edit]

  • som in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

som (definite accusative [[{{{1}}}#Turkish|{{{1}}}]], plural [[{{{2}}}#Turkish|{{{2}}}]])

  1. salmon