soma

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See also: Soma, SoMa, somă, søma, and somā

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From New Latin, from Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma, body).

Noun[edit]

soma (plural somas or somata)

  1. (anatomy) The whole axial portion of an animal, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail.
  2. (cytology) The bulbous part of a neuron, containing the cell nucleus.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit सोम (soma).

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

soma (uncountable)

  1. A ritual drink in ancient Vedic and Persian cultures, dating to common Indo-Iranian period.
    • 2006, Karen Armstrong, The Great Transformation, Atlantic Books 2007, p. 82:
      Once he had drunk the intoxicating soma, he experienced an ascent to the gods without having to die a violent death, as in the old ritual.
  2. (by extension) any kind of intoxicating drug
Synonyms[edit]
  • Soma (alternative capitalization)

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

soma (comparative somempi, superlative somin)

  1. pretty
  2. cute, sweet

Declension[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

soma f (plural some)

  1. the load borne by a pack animal
  2. the measure of the capacity of a given animal to bear a load
  3. (poetic) a weight

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

soma m (plural somi)

  1. (medicine) soma

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Kinyarwanda[edit]

Verb[edit]

soma

  1. to read

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See soms.

Noun[edit]

soma m

  1. genitive singular form of soms

Etymology 2[edit]

Ceļasoma
Rokassoma
Mugursoma

A borrowing from Old East Slavic сума (suma) (compare Russian сума (sumá)), itself borrowed (via Polish) from Old High German soum (burden) (compare German Saum), from Ancient Greek σάγμα (ságma) (whence also Latin sagma, sauma (burden saddle, burden)). The borrowing happened in the 13th century, when Old East Slavic у was still pronounced as [oː]. The word soma is first attested in 17th-century dictionaries with meanings such as “bread sack”, “bag”, “travel bag”.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

soma f (4th declension)

  1. bag, pack (fabric, leather, etc. object with straps or handles, used for carrying small objects, groceries, etc.)
    pasta soma — mail bag
    medību soma — (hunting) game bag
    skolas soma — satchel, school bag
    iepirkumu soma — shopping bag
    ceļa soma, ceļasoma — suitcase (lit. travelling bag)
    rokas soma, rokassoma — purse (lit. hand bag)
    mugursoma — backpack, knapsack, rucksack
  2. (biology, anatomy) pouch (skin fold in marsupials to keep a newborn baby)
    ķengura soma — kangaroo pouch
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “soma” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

soma (1)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin summa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

soma f (plural somas)

  1. (arithmetic) sum (quantity obtained by addition or aggregation)
  2. sum (quantity of money)

Etymology 2[edit]

From New Latin, from Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma, body).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

soma m (plural somas)

  1. (anatomy, cytology) soma
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sanskrit सोम (soma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sauma, from Proto-Indo-European *sew(h)-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

soma m (plural somas)

  1. (religion) soma

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

soma

  1. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present indicative of somar
  2. Second-person singular (tu) affirmative imperative of somar

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sommer.

Verb[edit]

a soma (third-person singular present somează, past participle somat1st conj.

  1. to summon

Conjugation[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of Bantu origin.

Verb[edit]

soma (infinitive kusoma)

  1. to read

Conjugation[edit]



soma
conditional someka
passive somwa
causative somasha
prepositional somea
passive causative someshwa