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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田金月 (WCB), four-corner 60227)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 217, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4707
  • Dae Jaweon: page 444, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 715, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+56E7

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形), resembling a window. Variant characters: , , .

The slang sense is an emoticon used to express helplessness or awkwardness, usually in a humourous way. This usage gained popularity on Taiwanese forums (aka "BBS"), then spread through the media to Hong Kong, and eventually to Mainland China. Its meaning was influenced by the character ("hard-pressed; embarrassed") (homophonic in Mandarin).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (囧), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 庚
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 俱永切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kwɣiæŋX/ /ki̯wɐŋX/ /kiuɐŋX/ /kʷɯiaŋX/ /kwiajŋX/ /kĭwɐŋX/ /kiuaŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǒng ‹ kjwængX › /*k-mraŋʔ (dial. *k.mr- › *kʷr-)/ bright window
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6909 0 /*kʷaŋʔ/ 讀若獷

Definitions[edit]

  1. patterned window; a clear and bright window; shining, brightness
    • 窗牖麗廔闓明象形 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    • 窗牖丽廔闿明象形 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      Jiǒng, chuāngyǒu lìlóu kǎimíng, xiàngxíng. [Pinyin]
      Jiong — An open and light window. Pictographic.
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      • From: Jiang Yan, "Miscellaneous Poems — Imitation of Zhang Chuo's 'Miscellaneous Writing'", from the anthology of Wen Xuan.
      Jiǒng jiǒng qiū yuè míng, píng xuān yǒng Yáo Lǎo. [Pinyin]
      The moonlight at an autumn night was brightly clean; I leaned on the railing, chanting poems and savouring the logics of the ancient sages (lit. of Yao and Laozi).
  2. (neologism, slang, humorous) an emoticon expressing surprise, shock, embarrassment, helplessness or awkwardness
Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (囧):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng)

  1. (빛나다) bright
  2. (밝다) clear
  3. (나는 모양) the appearance of birds flying
  4. () window