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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
过-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜木戈 (YDI), four-corner 3430, composition)

  1. pass, pass through, go across

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1253, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1735, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3816, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8FC7

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Jyutping gwo3, Yale gwo3)

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Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Pinyin guō (guo1), guò (guo4), Wade-Giles kuo1, kuo4)

Particle[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin guò, traditional )

  1. Verbal suffix of past experience
    • 你去中国吗? [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Nǐ qù guò zhōngguó ma? [Pinyin]
      Have you been to China?

Usage note[edit]

The past experience particle 过 is negated with . 没 is placed before the verb.

  1. 中国。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
    méiguò zhōngguó [Pinyin]
    I have never been to China.

Verb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin guò, traditional )

  1. To cross, to pass
    • 坐这艘船河很安全 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]zuò zhè sōu chuán guò hé hěn ānquán [Pinyin] — It is safe to cross the river in this boat.
    • 请您赶快安检,现在已经登机了 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]qǐng nín gǎnkuài guò ānjiǎn, xiànzài yǐjīng dēngjī le [Pinyin] — Please hurry up to pass security check, now it's boarding.
  2. To go over, to look at carefully
    • 我们把这篇稿子再一遍 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]wǒmen bǎ zhè piān gǎozǐ zài guò yībiàn [Pinyin] — Let's go over the draft once again.
  3. to pass by, to pass
    • 过了百货公司便向右拐 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]guò lebǎihuògōngsī biàn xiàngyòuguǎi [Pinyin] — Turn to the right after pass the department store.
    • 时间过得很快 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]shíjiān guò dé hěn kuài [Pinyin] — time flies quickly
    • 了许多年我们才偶然相逢。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Guò le xǔduō nián wǒmen cái ǒurán xiàngféng. [Pinyin]
      Many years were to pass before we crossed our path again.
  4. To live
    • 贫困迫使她艰苦的生活 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]pínkùn pòshǐ tā guò jiānkǔ de shēnghuó [Pinyin] — Poverty obliged her to live a hard life.

Adverb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin guò, traditional )

  1. too, excessively
    • 他们抱怨工资 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]tāmen bàoyuàn gōngzī guò [Pinyin] — They complained that the wages were too low.

Proper noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin guò, traditional )

  1. A surname​.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(qua)

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