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Translingual[edit]

Japanese stroke order
禾-jbw.png
Stroke order
禾-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

禾 禾 禾 禾
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) Picture of a plant stalk. The stalk is more recognizable in older form.

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹木 (HD), four-corner 20904, composition丿)

  1. grain still on stalk
  2. rice plant

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 848, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24906
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1270, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2588, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+79BE

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (禾), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸戈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɦuɑ/ /ɦwa/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hwa › /*ɢˁoj {*[ɢ]ˁoj}/ growing grain
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4931 3 /*ɡoːl/

Noun[edit]

  1. grain, cereal
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hòa)

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