上層

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
じょう
Grade: 1
そう
Grade: 6
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

上層 (hiragana じょうそう, romaji jōsō)

  1. upper level

Antonyms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 上层
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin shàngcéng
Zhuyin ㄕㄤˋ ㄘㄥˊ
IPA (key) /ʂɑŋ⁵¹ t͡sʰɤŋ³⁵/

Noun[edit]

上層 (traditional, Pinyin shàngcéng, simplified 上层)

  1. (Advanced Mandarin) upper strata; upper levels