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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – old man with cane asking for directions, doubting his way (a figure with a cane in one hand, head a large mouth).

Current form is radically abstracted, with elements varying greatly in intermediate scripts – graphically 匕 + 矢 on left, マ + 疋 on right.

Han character[edit]

(radical 103 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心大弓戈人 (PKNIO), four-corner 27481, composition𠤕)

  1. doubt, question, suspect

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 768, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22007
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1178, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2751, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7591

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (疑), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 語其切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨ/ /ŋi/ /ŋiə/ /ŋɨ/ /ŋɨ/ /ŋĭə/ /ŋie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngi › /*[ŋ](r)əә (< uvular)/ doubt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14894 0 /*ŋɯ/ 甲金文象人行道回顧遲疑狀,金文或加牛聲後訛爲子,非矢聲

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ui, eung) (hangeul , , revised ui, eung, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, ŭng, Yale uy, ung)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghi)

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