father

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English fader, from Old English fæder, from Proto-Germanic *fadēr (compare West Frisian faar, North Frisian faaðer, Low German Fader, Dutch vader, German Vater, Danish fader), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr (compare Irish athair, Tocharian A pācar, B pācer, Persian پدر (pedar), Lithuanian patinas (male animal), akin to Latin pater, akin to Ancient Greek πατήρ (patḗr), akin to Armenian հայր (hayr), akin to Sankskrit पितृ (pitṛ, father).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

father (plural fathers)

  1. A (generally human) male who begets a child.
    My father was a strong influence on me.
    My friend Tony just became a father.
    • Bible, Proverbs x. 1
      A wise son maketh a glad father.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, The Celebrity:
      When this conversation was repeated in detail within the hearing of the young woman in question, and undoubtedly for his benefit, Mr. Trevor threw shame to the winds and scandalized the Misses Brewster then and there by proclaiming his father to have been a country storekeeper.
  2. A male ancestor more remote than a parent; a progenitor; especially, a first ancestor.
    • Bible, 1 Kings ii. 10
      David slept with his fathers.
    • Bible, Rom. iv. 16
      Abraham, who is the father of us all
  3. A term of respectful address for an elderly man.
    Come, father; you can sit here.
  4. A term of respectful address for a priest.
    • Shakespeare
      Bless you, good father friar!
  5. A person who plays the role of a father in some way.
    My brother was a father to me after my parents got divorced.
    The child is father to the man.
    • Bible, Job xxix. 16
      I was a father to the poor.
    • Bible, Genesis xiv. 8
      He hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house.
  6. The founder of a discipline or science.
    Albert Einstein is the father of modern physics.
  7. A senator of Ancient Rome.

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Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

father (third-person singular simple present fathers, present participle fathering, simple past and past participle fathered)

  1. To be a father to; to sire.
  2. (figuratively) To give rise to.
  3. To act as a father; to support and nurture.
  4. To provide with a father.
    • Shakespeare
      Think you I am no stronger than my sex, / Being so fathered and so husbanded?
  5. To adopt as one's own.
    • Jonathan Swift
      Men of wit / Often fathered what he writ.

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