file

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: filé and fíle

English[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

French fil (thread), Latin filum (thread).

Noun[edit]

file (plural files)

  1. A collection of papers collated and archived together.
    • Shakespeare
      It is upon a file with the duke's other letters.
  2. A roll or list.
    • Shakespeare
      a file of all the gentry
  3. Course of thought; thread of narration.
    • Sir H. Wotton
      Let me resume the file of my narration.
  4. (computing) An aggregation of data on a storage device, identified by a name.
    I'm going to delete these unwanted files to free up some disk space.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

file (third-person singular simple present files, present participle filing, simple past and past participle filed)

  1. (transitive) To commit official papers to some office
  2. (transitive) To place in an archive in a logical place and order
  3. (transitive) To store a file (aggregation of data) on a storage medium such as a disc or another computer.
  4. (intransitive, with for, chiefly law) To make a formal request for the benefit of an official status.
    She filed for divorce the next day.
    The company filed for bankruptcy when the office opened on Monday.
    They filed for a refund under their warranty.
    • 2012 May 27, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “New Kid On The Block” (season 4, episode 8; originally aired 11/12/1992)”, The Onion AV Club:
      The episode’s unwillingness to fully commit to the pathos of the Bart-and-Laura subplot is all the more frustrating considering its laugh quota is more than filled by a rollicking B-story that finds Homer, he of the iron stomach and insatiable appetite, filing a lawsuit against The Frying Dutchman when he’s hauled out of the eatery against his will after consuming all of the restaurant’s shrimp (plus two plastic lobsters).
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To set in order; to arrange, or lay away.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher
      I would have my several courses and my dishes well filed.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

French file, from filer, “to spin out”, “arrange one behind another”, Latin fīlāre, from filum, “thread”.

Noun[edit]

file (plural files)

  1. A column of people one behind another, whether "single file" or in a large group with many files side by side.
    The troops marched in Indian file.
  2. (chess) one of the eight vertical lines of squares on a chessboard (i.e., those which run from number to number). The analog horizontal lines are the ranks.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

file (third-person singular simple present files, present participle filing, simple past and past participle filed)

  1. (intransitive) To move in a file.
    The applicants kept filing into the room until it was full.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Old English feol. Cognate with Dutch vijl, German Feile, West Frisian file.

Noun[edit]

A file (tool).

file (plural files)

  1. A hand tool consisting of a handle to which a block of coarse metal is attached, and used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal.
  2. (slang, archaic) A cunning or resourceful person.
    • Thackeray
      Will is an old file, in spite of his smooth face.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fielding to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

file (third-person singular simple present files, present participle filing, simple past and past participle filed)

  1. (transitive) to smooth, grind, or cut with a file
    I'd better file the bottoms of the table legs. Otherwise they will scratch the flooring.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Middle English filen (to defile), from Old English fȳlan (to defile, make foul), from fūl (foul). More at defile.

Verb[edit]

file (third-person singular simple present files, present participle filing, simple past and past participle filed)

  1. (archaic) to defile
  2. to corrupt

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French file (line, row), from Late Latin filare, from Latin filum (thread). Related to fileren (to fillet) and file (computer file).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fi‧le

Noun[edit]

file f (plural files, diminutive filetje n)

  1. traffic jam
  2. queue
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English file (computer file), from Old French fil (thread), from Latin filum (thread). Related to fileren (to fillet) and file (queue, traffic jam).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: file

Noun[edit]

file m (plural files, diminutive filetje n)

  1. (computing) an aggregation of data on a storage device, identified by a name; a file

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

fil- + -e

Adverb[edit]

file

  1. filially (in a filial manner or way)

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

file f (plural files)

  1. A line of objects placed one after the other.
  2. (Belgium) traffic jam

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

file

  1. first-person singular present indicative of filer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of filer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of filer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of filer
  5. second-person singular imperative of filer

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fili.

Noun[edit]

file m (genitive file, nominative plural filí)

  1. poet

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
file fhile bhfile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

file m (invariable)

  1. (computing) file

Noun[edit]

file

  1. plural form of fila

Anagrams[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

file ?

  1. Christian

Old Irish[edit]

Verb[edit]

file

  1. Alternative form of fil.

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

filé m inan (genitive filêja, nominative plural filêji)

  1. fillet

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

file

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of [[filar#Spanish|filar]].
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of [[filar#Spanish|filar]].
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of [[filar#Spanish|filar]].
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of [[filar#Spanish|filar]].