corrupt

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English corrupten, from Old French corropt, from Latin corruptus, past participle of corrumpō, corrumpere (to destroy, ruin, injure, spoil, corrupt, bribe), from com- (together) + rumpere (to break in pieces).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

corrupt (comparative more corrupt, superlative most corrupt)

  1. In a depraved state; debased; perverted; morally degenerate; weak in morals.
    The government here is corrupt, so we'll emigrate to escape them.
    • Shakespeare
      At what ease / Might corrupt minds procure knaves as corrupt / To swear against you.
  2. Abounding in errors; not genuine or correct; in an invalid state.
    The text of the manuscript is corrupt.
    It turned out that the program was corrupt - that's why it wouldn't open.
  3. In a putrid state; spoiled; tainted; vitiated; unsound.
    • Knolles
      Who with such corrupt and pestilent bread would feed them.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Nouns to which "corrupt" is often applied: practice, state, country, nation, regime, city, government, person, man, politician, leader, mayor, judge, member, minister, file, database, document, woman.

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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

corrupt (third-person singular simple present corrupts, present participle corrupting, simple past and past participle corrupted)

  1. (transitive) To make corrupt; to change from good to bad; to draw away from the right path; to deprave; to pervert.
    Don't you dare corrupt my son with those disgusting pictures!
  2. (intransitive) To become putrid or tainted; to putrefy; to rot.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
  3. To debase or render impure by alterations or innovations; to falsify.
    to corrupt language, or a holy text
  4. To waste, spoil, or consume; to make worthless.
    • Bible, Matthew vi. 19
      Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt.

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