fil

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See also: Fil- and fîl

English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

fil (uncountable)

  1. A Nordic dairy product, similar to yoghurt, but using different bacteria which give a different taste and texture.

Azeri[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил
Roman fil
Perso-Arabic

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic فيل (fīl).

Noun[edit]

fil (definite accusative fili, plural fillər)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread, wire
  2. (Internet) discussion thread

Synonyms[edit]

  • (discussion thread): tema

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin filum.

Noun[edit]

fil m

  1. thread, yarn, string

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German vīle.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiːl/, [fiːˀl]

Noun[edit]

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite file)

  1. file (tool)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English file (an aggregation of data) (1962).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiːl/, [fiːˀl]

Noun[edit]

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite filer)

  1. file (computer terminology)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See file.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiːl/, [fiːˀl]

Verb[edit]

fil

  1. Imperative of file.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread, wire
    ne tenir qu'a un fil - to hang by a thread
  2. grain (of wood etc.)
  3. edge (of blade, razor etc.)

Related terms[edit]

  • au fil de (in the course of, over the course of)
  • coup de fil (telephone call)
  • filasse (bunch of filaments provening from the protective skin of such fiber plants as flax and cannabis)
  • filé (simple or twisted textile thread, as used for needlework)
  • filer (to spin a web; to thread through a crowd; to spin a thread)
  • filet
  • fileur (spinner)
  • filière (creance; die; spinneret)
  • filiforme (filiform, threadlike)
  • filigrane (watermark; filigree)

External links[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

fil

  1. rafsi of frili.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil f, m (definite singular fila or filen, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. A file.
  2. A hand tool used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal.
  3. A section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane.

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Latin fīlium, accusative singular of fīlius.

Noun[edit]

fil m (oblique plural fiz, nominative singular fiz, nominative plural fil)

  1. son (male child)
Descendants[edit]
  • English: Fitz (from the nominative fiz)
  • French: fils (from the nominative "fiz", later "fils")

Etymology 2[edit]

Latin fīlum.

Noun[edit]

fil m (oblique plural fis, nominative singular fis, nominative plural fil)

  1. thread (fine strand of material)
Descendants[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the imperative of Proto-Celtic *wel- (see) (compare Welsh gweled). Semantic development from "see!" to "there is" is parallel to that of French voici, from vois ci "see here" and voilà, from vois là "see there".

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

·fil (conjunct), fil (relative)

  1. present progressive conjunct of at·tá
  2. third-person singular present progressive relative of at·tá

Usage notes[edit]

In the conjunct form, the logical subject appears in the accusative (or as a clitic object pronoun) in the oldest language. Examples: nícon·ḟil nach rainn "there is no part", ní-n·fil "we are not", co-ndib·feil "so that you (pl.) are".

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fil ḟil fil
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish فیل (fil) (modern Turkish fil), from Arabic فيل (fīl), from Middle Persian 𐭯𐭩𐭫 (pīl), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru). Akin to fìldiš.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fȉl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̏л) or fȋl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̑л)

  1. (regional) elephant

Synonyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • fil” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Abdulah Škaljić (1966), Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Svjetlost: Sarajevo, page 283
  • Речник српскохрватскога књижевног језика (1990, Друго фототипско издање), Матица српска, Matica hrvatska (Нови Сад, Zagreb), volume 6, page 668

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German vīle. Cognate with English file and German Feile.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c

  1. a file (a tool)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “French file?”

.

Row and lane (a row of vehicles) is one etymology, but as English file suggests computer file has a different etymology. However, the Swedish computer file is sometimes explained as a row of bytes, in attempt to shoehorn this new English loanword into the etymology of the existing word.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c

  1. a row of objects; most commonly used about moving objects
  2. a section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane
  3. file (in computer technology)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
row
lane
computer file

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c (uncountable)

  1. any product from a family of various (deliberately) soured milk products
  2. abbreviation for filmjölk; a particular kind of fil as above
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic فيل (fīl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil (definite accusative fili, plural filler)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil (plural fils)

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]