nach

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See also: nach-

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old High German nāh, cognate with English nigh.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /naːx/ (generally)
  • IPA(key): /nax/ (as a preposition, unless stressed)
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

nach (+ dative)

  1. after, past (later in time)
    Viertel nach sechs
    a quarter past six
    nach einer Woche
    after a week
  2. after, behind (motion-wise)
  3. towards, to
    die Flucht nach Ägypten
    the flight into Egypt
  4. according to
    • 1918, Elisabeth von Heyking, Die Orgelpfeifen, in: Zwei Erzählungen, Phillipp Reclam jun. Verlag, page 19:
      Die eigenen Zimmer hatten sich die Enkel nach persönlichem Geschmack eingerichtet.
      The grandchildren had furnished their own rooms according to their personal taste.
  5. by the authority of

Postposition[edit]

dative + nach

  1. according to
    meiner Meinung nach ― in my opinion

Adverb[edit]

nach

  1. (in compound verbs) after, behind, later, next to
    Meine Uhr geht nach.
    My watch is slow.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Munster; all senses)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish nach, from Proto-Celtic *ne-kʷe, a combination of negative particle *ne and conjunction *kʷe; compare Latin neque.

Conjunction[edit]

nach (triggers eclipsis; used with the dependent form of an irregular verb if there is one)

  1. that...not (introduces a negative subordinate clause; the negation of go).
    Dúirt sé nach raibh carr aige.
    He said that he didn’t have a car.

Particle[edit]

nach (triggers eclipsis; used with the dependent form of an irregular verb if there is one)

  1. not (in questions)
    Nach bhfuil ocras ort?
    Are you not hungry?
    Chonaic mé í, nach bhfaca?
    I saw her, didn’t I?

Particle[edit]

nach (copular form)

  1. isn’t...?/whether/if it is... (introduces negative questions, both direct and indirect)
    Nach maith leat bainne?
    Don’t you like milk?
    Níl a fhios agam an miste dó nó nach miste.
    I don’t know if it matters to him or not.
  2. who/which isn’t... (introduces negative relative clauses, both direct and indirect)
    an bhean nach múinteoir í ― the woman who isn’t a teacher
    an bhean nach maith léi bainne ― the woman who doesn’t like milk

Related terms[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nach

  1. still
    Ech léieren nach Lëtzebuergesch
    I'm still learning Luxembourgish
  2. yet
  3. just

Conjunction[edit]

nach

  1. nor
    • Luxembourgish translation of Matthew 5:35:
      nach bei der Äerd, well dat ass d'Bänkelche fir seng Féiss, nach bei Jerusalem, well dat ass deem grousse Kinnek seng Stad.
      nor by the earth, because it is the footstool for his feet, nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Often used with weder (neither).

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *nekʷo- (someone, something); compare nech (someone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

nach

  1. some
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 23b12
      .i. itessamnu de arrofitetar is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimimse inso
      i.e. they are the more fearless, for they know that it is for some great glory that I endure this

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish nach, from Proto-Celtic *ne-kʷe, a combination of negative particle *ne and conjunction *kʷe; compare Latin neque.

Particle[edit]

nach

  1. not

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used with the dependent form of a verb to produce a negative question.
    Nach eil an t-acras ort? - Are you not hungry?
    Chunnaic mi i, nach fhaca? - I saw her, didn't I?

Conjunction[edit]

nach

  1. that not

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used with the dependent form of a verb to introduce a negative subordinate clause. The negation of gu.
    Bha e ag ràdh nach robh càr aige. - He said that he didn't have a car.