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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from 𦾔 (elimination of )

In current form, calligraphical rendering of 臼.

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中日 (LA), composition)

  1. old, ancient
  2. former, past

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 489, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13737
  • Dae Jaweon: page 850, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1483, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+65E7

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (舊), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 巨救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨuH/ /gi̯ə̯uH/ /ɡiuH/ /ɡiuH/ /guwH/ /ɡĭəuH/ /ɡiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiù ‹ gjuwH › /*N-kʷəәʔ-s/ old

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6981 0 /*ɡʷɯs/

Adjective[edit]

  1. old; former; past
  2. old; used; worm

Synonyms[edit]

  • (lǎo, "old (of people)")

Antonyms[edit]

  • (xīn, "new")

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū)

  1. old things, original state, former state, old times
  2. the old calendar based on a lunar system

(hiragana ふる, romaji furu)

  1. used item, secondhand item

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū-)

  1. paleo-, ex-, old, previous, former

(hiragana ふる, romaji furu-)

  1. paleo-, old, used, previous

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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