大夫

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("great") +  ("man").

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Noun[edit]

大夫

  1. (Beginning Mandarin, colloquial) doctor
Synonyms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

大夫

  1. (historical) a governmental job title used during the Spring and Autumn period, the Warring States period and the early Chinese dynasties, whose responsibilites encompassed managing royal and court affairs.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1

Grade: 4
on'yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

from Chinese 大夫 ("great" + "man"). Also written as 太夫.

Noun[edit]

大夫 (hiragana たいふ, romaji taifu)

  1. (historical) an office in Zhou Dynasty, China.
  2. (historical, in Japan) substitutive style of high ranked courtier, particularly officers in the 5th rank (五位).
  3. (historical, in Japan, also daibu) head of shoku() or (), administrative departments of the imperial court.
  4. (historical) karō (家老)
  5. pine tree (based in an episode Qin Shi Huangdi or the First Emperor of Qin granted a pine tree the dignity of Taifu [1.])
  6. style of Shinto shrine headmaster.

Etymology 2[edit]

from taifu (see above)

Noun[edit]

大夫 (hiragana たゆう, romaji tayū)

  1. (in Noh-theater) iemoto or the head master of shite (シテ) acting family.
  2. (in jōruri/bunraku-theater) style of narrators and shamisen players.
  3. (historical, in Edo period) highest ranked prostitutes at the officially approved prostitution areas, such as, Yoshiwara.
  4. leading actor in a manzai pair
  5. style of Shinto shrine headmaster