doctor

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Doctor

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Two doctors (physicians) examining a patient.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English doctor, doctour (an expert, authority on a subject), from Anglo-Norman doctour, from Latin doctor (teacher), from doceō (I teach). Displaced native Middle English lerare (doctor, teacher) (from Middle English leren (to teach, instruct) from Old English lǣran, lēran (to teach, instruct, guide), compare Old English lārēow (teacher, master)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

doctor (plural doctors)

  1. A physician; a member of the medical profession; one who is trained and licensed to heal the sick. The final examination and qualification may award a doctor degree in which case the post-nominal letters are D.O., DPM, M.D., DMD, DDS, DPT, DC, in the US or MBBS in the UK.
    If you still feel unwell tomorrow, see your doctor.
    • Shakespeare
      By medicine life may be prolonged, yet death / Will seize the doctor too.
  2. A person who has attained a doctorate, such as a Ph.D. or Th.D. or one of many other terminal degrees conferred by a college or university.
  3. A veterinarian; a medical practitioner who treats animals.
  4. A nickname for a person who has special knowledge or talents to manipulate or arrange transactions.
  5. (obsolete) A teacher; one skilled in a profession or a branch of knowledge; a learned man.
    • Francis Bacon
      one of the doctors of Italy, Nicholas Macciavel
  6. (dated) Any mechanical contrivance intended to remedy a difficulty or serve some purpose in an exigency.
    the doctor of a calico-printing machine, which is a knife to remove superfluous colouring matter
    the doctor, or auxiliary engine, also called "donkey engine"
    • 2010, Ramesh Bangia, Dictionary of Information Technology (page 172)
      The use of a disk doctor may be the only way of recovering valuable data following a disk crash.
  7. A fish, the friar skate.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Doctor is capitalized when used as a title:
    Doctor Smith

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also Types of academic doctor below

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

doctor (third-person singular simple present doctors, present participle doctoring, simple past and past participle doctored)

  1. (transitive) To act as a medical doctor to.
    Her children doctored her back to health.
  2. (transitive) To make (someone) into an (academic) doctor; to confer a doctorate upon.
  3. (transitive) To physically alter (medically or surgically) a living being in order to change growth or behavior.
    They doctored their apple trees by vigorous pruning, and now the dwarfed trees are easier to pick.
    We may legally doctor a pet to reduce its libido.
  4. (transitive) To genetically alter an extant species.
    Mendel's discoveries showed how the evolution of a species may be doctored.
  5. (transitive) To alter or make obscure, as with the intention to deceive, especially a document.
    To doctor the signature of an instrument with intent to defraud is an example of forgery.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Statistics[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

doctor m (plural doctores)

  1. doctor (person who has attained a doctorate)

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch doctor, from Latin doctor (teacher, instructor).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɔktɔr/, /ˈdɔktər/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

doctor m (plural doctors or doctoren, diminutive doctortje n)

  1. doctor (person who has attained a doctorate)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From doceō (teach) +‎ -or.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

doctor m (genitive doctōris); third declension

  1. teacher, instructor
    • c. 99 BCE – 55 BCE, Lucretius, De rerum natura 5.1310–1312
      [] et validos partim prae se misere leones
      cum doctoribus armatis saevisque magistris
      qui moderarier his possent vinclisque tenere,
      [] and some let out before them strong lions,
      with armed trainers and fierce masters
      to manage them and hold them in restraints,
  2. (Ecclesiastical Latin) catechist

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative doctor doctōrēs
genitive doctōris doctōrum
dative doctōrī doctōribus
accusative doctōrem doctōrēs
ablative doctōre doctōribus
vocative doctor doctōrēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin doctor (17th century), French docteur or German Doktor

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

doctor m (plural doctorifeminine equivalent doctoră)

  1. doctor

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin doctor.

Noun[edit]

doctor m (plural doctores, feminine doctora)

  1. doctor (Ph.D.)
  2. physician

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]