pin

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See also: PIN, pīn, pín, pǐn, pìn, and pîn

English[edit]

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pins (sharpened steel wire with a head)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English pinne, from Old English pinn (pin, peg, bolt), from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- (protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge). Cognate with Dutch pin (peg, pin), Low German pin, pinne (pin, point, nail, peg), German Pinn, Pinne (pin, tack, peg), Bavarian Pfonzer, Pfunzer (sharpened point), Danish pind (pin, pointed stick), Norwegian pinn (knitting-needle), Swedish pinne (peg, rod, stick), Icelandic pinni (pin). More at pintle.

No relation to classical Latin pinna (fin, flipper, wing-like appendage, wing, feather), which was extended to mean "ridge, peak, point" (compare pinnacle), and often confused with Latin penna (wing, feather). More at feather.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

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pin (plural pins)

  1. A small device, made (usually) of drawn-out steel wire with one end sharpened and the other flattened or rounded into a head, used for fastening.
    • Milton
      With pins of adamant / And chains they made all fast.
  2. A small nail with a head and a sharp point.
  3. A cylinder often of wood or metal used to fasten or as a bearing between two parts.
    Pull the pin out of the grenade before throwing it at the enemy.
  4. A slender object specially designed for use in a specific game or sport, such as skittles or bowling.
  5. (in plural pins; informal) A leg.
    I'm not so good on my pins these days.
  6. (electricity) Any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector.
    The UK standard connector for domestic mains electricity has three pins.
  7. A piece of jewellery that is attached to clothing with a pin.
  8. (US) A simple accessory that can be attached to clothing with a pin or fastener, often round and bearing a design, logo or message, and used for decoration, identification or to show political affiliation, etc.
  9. (chess) A scenario in which moving a lesser piece to escape from attack would expose a more valuable piece to attack.
  10. (curling) The spot at the exact centre of the house (the target area)
    The shot landed right on the pin.
    • Shakespeare
      the very pin of his heart cleft
  11. (dated) A mood, a state of being.
    • Cowper
      a merry pin
  12. One of a row of pegs in the side of an ancient drinking cup to mark how much each person should drink.
  13. (medicine, obsolete) caligo
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  14. A thing of small value; a trifle.
    • Spectator
      He [] did not care a pin for her.
  15. A peg in musical instruments for increasing or relaxing the tension of the strings.
  16. (engineering) A short shaft, sometimes forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a journal.
  17. The tenon of a dovetail joint.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin (third-person singular simple present pins, present participle pinning, simple past and past participle pinned)

  1. (often followed by a preposition such as to or on) To fasten or attach (something) with a pin.
  2. (chess, usually in the passive) To cause (a piece) to be in a pin.
  3. (wrestling) To pin down (someone).
  4. To enclose; to confine; to pen; to pound.
  5. (computing, graphical user interface) To attach (an icon, application, etc.) to another item.
    to pin a window to the Taskbar
  6. Alternative form of peen.

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin f (singulative pinen)

  1. pines

Synonyms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin

  1. Imperative of pine.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin c (plural pinnen, diminutive pinnetje n)

  1. peg, pin

Verb[edit]

pin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pinnen
  2. imperative of pinnen

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pīnus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine, pine tree

External links[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of pīt
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of pīt
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of pīt
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of pīt
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of pīt
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of pīt

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

pin

  1. rafsi of pinta.

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pin

  1. Nonstandard spelling of pīn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of pín.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of pǐn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of pìn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun[edit]

Verb[edit]

pin (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. To say
  2. To tell (a story).
  3. First-person singular realis mood form of pin.

Synonyms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pīnus.

Noun[edit]

pin m (plural pini)

  1. pine

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pīnus.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun) pign
  • (Sursilvan) pégn
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) pegn

Noun[edit]

pin m

  1. (Puter, Vallader) spruce, fir

Synonyms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pim (Van)
  • pindik (Çorum)
  • pine (Kahramanmaraş, Sivas, Yozgat, Nevşehir, Adana)
  • pinelik (Ankara, Gümüşhane, Kayseri)
  • pines (Trabzon, Rize, Tekirdağ, Ankara, Adana)
  • pineslik (Ankara)
  • pinez (Trabzon)
  • pinezlik (Giresun)
  • pinlik (Kastamonu, Çorum, Sinop, Samsun, Tokat, Kırşehir, Kayserii)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Armenian բույն (buyn, nest) (from Western Armenian pronunciation).

Noun[edit]

pin

  1. (dialectal) coop for poultry

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • բոյն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • pin in (1963–1982), Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey], in 12 vols, Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French pile

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pin

  1. battery