macron

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See also: macrón, mácron, and Macron

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long) (English macro-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

macron (plural macrons)

  1. (orthography) A short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark (¯) placed over any of various letters. It usually is used to indicate that the pronunciation of the vowel is long; in Mandarin pinyin (Chinese), it indicates the first tone, e.g. chūzūchē.
    • 1986: Peter V. Jones and Keith C. Sidwell, Reading Latin: Grammar, vocabulary and exercises, Introduction — General notes (note 1), page 2 (22nd printing (2007); Cambridge University Press; ISBN 9780521286220)
      All vowels are pronounced short unless marked with a ¯ (macron) over them. So observe different vowel length of ‘i ’ in, e.g., fīlia, etc. It may be helpful, but is not essential, to mark macra in your exercises.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The pronunciation măkʹrŏn (with a short, rather than a long, a) is the one that is etymologically consistent in terms of vowel quantity; the α in μακρόν (makrón) is pronounced short, as [a].
  • Macra is a rare plural.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

macron c (plural macrons, diminutive macrontje n)

  1. (orthography) macron

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

macron m (plural macrons)

  1. macron

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek

Noun[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

macron m (invariable)

  1. macron