Etymologically identical with load, which has however become semantically restricted. The now-archaic lode continues the old sense of Old English lád "way, course, journey" but by the 19th century survived only dialectally in the sense of "watercourse", as a technical term in mining, and in the compounds lodestone, lodestar.
lode (plural lodes)
- (obsolete) A way or path; a road.
- (dialectal) a watercourse
- (mining) A vein of metallic ore that lies within definite boundaries, or within a fissure.
- (by extension) A rich source of supply.
lode f (plural lodi)
A borrowing from Middle Low German lode ("piece of lead (used as weight), plummet"), or perhaps from an East Frisian word (compare Saterland Frisian Lood) or Middle Dutch lood, which all had the same meaning (compare German Lot (“plummet, solder”)), itself a borrowing from Celtic (originally meaning “easily melting metal”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *plewd- (“to flow”), whence also Latvian plūst (“to stream, to flow”). This borrowing is first attested in 17th-century dictionaries.
lode f (5th declension)
- (mathematics) sphere
- lodes diametrs — diameter of a sphere
- lodes rādiuss — radius of a sphere
- lodes tilpums — volume of a sphere
- object with spherical form; (sports) ball
- zemes lode, zemeslode — the Earth Globe
- koka, dzelzs lode — wood, iron ball
- grūst lodi — to push a ball
- bullet, canon ball
- iešaut kādam lodi krūtīs — to shoot a bullet in someone's chest
- lielgabala lode — cannon ball
- ^ “lode” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.