spilgts

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the past participle of an old (still dialectally attested) verb spilgt (to shine), from Proto-Baltic *spelg-, *spilg-, *spulg- (whence also spulgs), from Proto-Indo-European *pel-, *spel-, *spʰel- (to shine) with an extra g. Cognates include Low German flink (bright, shining; fast) (cf. German flink (quick, nimble)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Adjective[edit]

spilgts (def. spilgtais, comp. spilgtāks, sup. visspilgtākais; adv. spilgti)

  1. (of light, light sources) bright (very strong; which emits strong light)
    spilgta gaismabright light
    spilgta uguns, liesmabright fire, flame
    spilgts zibensbright lightning
    spilgta saulebright sun
    lielās dzīvsudraba spuldzes ir tik spilgtas, ka kož acīs — the big mercury lamps are so bright that they hurt (lit. bite in) the eyes
  2. (of colors) bright, vivid
    spilgts krāsas tonisbright color shade
    spilgti sarkansbright red
  3. (of other objects) bright, shiny (which reflects light strongly)
    spilgts audumsbright, shiny fabric
    puisis apstājas pie apaļās cīniju dobes un vēro spilgtos ziedus — the young man stopped by the round zinnia beds and watched the bright, shiny flowers
    varde tupēja man uz plaukstas: mikla, vēsa un tik neparasti spilgta, it kā glumo ādu būtu apgleznojusi ekspresionista ota — the frog sat on the palm of my hand: soft, cool and unusually bright, shiny, as if its smooth, slippery skin had been painted with an expressionist brush
  4. (figuratively) clear, striking, powerful, remarkable (mentally, emotionally very impressive)
    spilgts piemērs — a striking example
    spilgti pretstatistriking contrasts
    spilgts talantsstriking, impressive talent
    spilgta izrādes epizodestriking, impressive show episode
    spilgts romāna tēlspowerful, striking literary (lit. novel) character
    Alfrēds Kalniņš ir viena no visspilgtākajām, savdabīgākajām personībām latviešu mūzikas vēsturē — Alfrēds Kalniņš is one of the brightest, most striking personalities in Latvian musical history
    cilvēku parasti pazudina viņa visspilgtākā rakstura īpašība, kas ar laiku kļūst par vājību — a person is usually ruined by his most striking character trait, which with time becomes (his/her) weakness
  5. (dated, of sounds; now usually spalgs) very loud, strong
    bet vējš tik skaļiem smiekliem pasmejas... līdz smejas kaivas spilgtiem kliedzieniem — but the wind laughs with such loud laughs... (and) with the laughs (also) a seagull's sharp, loud squawks

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “spilgts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7