spulgs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *spulgts, the past participle of an old (still dialectally attested) verb spulgt (to shine), from Proto-Baltic *spelg-, *spilg-, *spulg- (whence also spilgts), from Proto-Indo-European *pel-, *spel-, *spʰel- (to shine) with an extra g. Cognates include Sanskrit स्फुलिङ्गः (sphuliṅgaḥ, spark) (< *spʰ(e)li-).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

spulgs (def. spulgais, comp. spulgāks, sup. visspulgākais; adv. spulgi)

  1. (of light, light sources) bright, clear, shining (which emits clear, crisp light)
    spulgas zvaigznesbright, clear stars
    spulga ugunsbright, clear fire
    spulgs rītsbright, clear morning
    spulga un kvēla saule kaist debesīs — a bright, fierce sun burns in the sky
    atausa spulgā rīta gaisma un daba modās dzīvei — the bright morning light dawned and nature woke up to life
  2. (of other objects) bright, clear, shining (which reflects clear, crisp light)
    spulgs ezersbright, clear lake
    spulgs diamantsbright, shiny diamond
    kūtī stāvēja brūns teliņš un spulgām acīm skatījās no telpas pustumsas — in the barn a little brown calf stood and looked with bright eyes from the semi-darkness of the room
    pagriezusi galvu uz durvju pusi, viņa paskatījās manī spulgu, priecīgu skatienu — turning (her) head towards the door, she looked at me with a bright, happy look
    iestājās klusums, kurā Ausmas plaksti bija nolaisti, un tādēļ Kārlis neredzēja spulgo mirdzumu viņas acīs — there was a silence during which Ausma's eyelids were lowerd, and so Kārlis did not see the bright glow in her eyes

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References[edit]

  1. ^ “spulgs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7