skaidrs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as dzidrs (clear, limpid) (q.v.), the difference being only the added initial (s-mobile and the consequent assimilation of the initial g to k. In older sources and in some dialects, skaidrs still means “clean,” “pure” (whence its use in skaidra nauda “cash,” formed after German bares Geld). Cognates include Lithuanian skaidrùs.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

skaidrs (def. skaidrais, comp. skaidrāks, sup. visskaidrākais; adv. skaidri)

  1. (of the weather, the sky) clean, clear, bright, without clouds
    skaidrs laiksclear, bright weather
    debesis skaidras, rieta pusē blāzma — the sky (is) clear, (with) a glow on the west side
    laiks no rīta gan bija skaidrs un salts, bet ap pusdienu sāka mākties un atlaisties — the weather in the morning was indeed clear and frosty, but around noon it began to become cloudy and mild
    visā vasarā Latvijā ir 20-30 skaidru dienu — in Latvia in summer there are 20-30 clear, bright days
    skaidra nakts ar jaunu mēnesi un spožām zvaigznēm — a clear night with a new moon and bright stars
  2. (of air, water, other fluids) clear, clean (transparent, without dirt or other substances in suspension)
    gaiss ir tīrs un skaidrs — the air is clean and clear
    ūdens visā upes gultnē ir skaidrs un caurspīdīgs — the water across the river bed is clear and transparent
    ledus tik skaidrs kā stikls: katru lapiņu var saredzēt dibenā — the ice became clear like glass: every little leaf could be seen in (its) bottom
    tikai acis vēl bija skaidras, bez slimības noguruma, tās glabāja nepārtrauktu intelekta dzirksti — only his eyes were still clear, without the tiredness of (his) illness, they kept an uninterrupted spark of intellect
  3. clear, simple, sharp, obvious (easy to understand or to perceive, not obscure; already well known)
    skaidrs darbības plānsclear plan of action
    skaidra domaclear thought, idea
    skaidrs dzejolisclear, simple poem
    skaidra simfonijas formaclear, simple symphony form
    skaidrs uzdevumsclear, simple task
    nav vēl skaidrs, vai mūsu pasaule pēc rašanās pirmo reizi izplešas, vai arī tā paspējusi jau veikt vairākus ciklus — it is not yet clear whether our world after (its) origin expanded for the (very) first time, or had already made multiple cycles
    attaisnojošie pierādijumi ir skaidri un neapgāžami — the supporting evidence is clear and compelling
  4. clear (not hampered, not confused or confusing)
    prāts man skaidrāks, asāks kā jebkad — my mind is clearer and sharper than ever
  5. clear, honest, true, trustworthy
    viņš smaidīja; viņam bija mierīga, skaidra seja — he smiled; he had a peaceful, honest (lit. clear) face
    es gribu tādu skaidru, tādu jauku, tādu ne samaitātu puisi kā Visvaldis — I want as honest (lit. clear), nice, unsophisticated a guy as Vivaldis
  6. (of sounds, voices) clear (well sounding, pure, without noisy parts or elements, without errors or imperfections)
    balss viņai bija tik sidraboti skaidra — her voice was so silvery clear
    no tuvējās liepas atskanēja skaidra, skanīga putna dziesma — from the nearby linden trees there sounded a clear, sonorous bird song
    Mirdzas Šmithenes skaisto balsi un skaidro izrunu uzskatīja par neaizstājamu — Mirdza Šmithene's beautiful voice and clear pronunciation is considered irreplaceable
    “labdien!” viņš atbildēja skaidrā latviešu valodā — “good morning!” he answered in clear Latvian
  7. sober (not under the influence of alcohol)
    uz kuģa nebijis ne lāses šņabja; tātad stūrmanis bija pilnīgi skaidrs kā neapmākusies dieniņa — on the ship there wasn't even a drop of vodka; therefore the helmsman was completely sober (lit. clear), like a cloudless day
    Mārtiņš bija bramanīgs tikai tad, kad iereibies, skaidrā prātā bailīgs un gļēvs — Mārtiņš was boastful only when he was drunk, on (lit. in) a clear mind (= when sober) (he was) fearful and weak
    jau skaidrā viņu grūti saprast, tagad tikai vecā zināja, ko viņš runā — in a clear (head, i.e., sober) it was already difficult to understand him, now only the old lady knows (= understands) what he is saying
  8. clear, true, genuine
    skaidra nauda — cash (lit. clear money)
    tas taču ir skaidrs meitiešu darbs! — this is clearly girls' work!
    tā bija skaidra ņirgāšanās — that was clear mockery

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “skaidrs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7