alcohol

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from an Arabic term which first entered European alchemical jargon, and then entered general use. It reached English in the 1500s via Old Spanish and/or Old French alcohol (modern French alcool).

Since at least the 1600s,[1] some authorities have suggested الكحل (al-kuḥl, kohl) as the Arabic etymon; this suggestion is found for example in Webster's Third New International Dictionary.

Other authorities, including Rachel Hajar, suggest that the ultimate etymon was the classical Arabic term الغول (al-ḡūl, alcohol) or غَوْلٌ (ḡūl, alcohol) (as used in Qur’an verse 37:47 (Arabic)).[2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈælkəhɒl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈælkəhɔl/, /ˈælkəhɑl/, /ˈɑlkəhɔl/, /ˈɑlkəhɑl/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒl

Noun[edit]

alcohol (countable and uncountable, plural alcohols)

An assortment of alcoholic beverages
  1. (organic chemistry, countable) Any of a class of organic compounds (such as ethanol) containing a hydroxyl functional group (-OH).
  2. (uncountable) An intoxicating beverage made by the fermentation of sugar or sugar-containing material.
    • 2013 June 22, “Snakes and ladders”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 76: 
      Risk is everywhere. From tabloid headlines insisting that coffee causes cancer (yesterday, of course, it cured it) to stern government warnings about alcohol and driving, the world is teeming with goblins.
  3. (obsolete) Any very fine powder.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1672 per the OED
  2. ^ Etymology of Alcohol
  3. ^ Nicolae Sfetcu, Health & Drugs: Disease, Prescription & Medication (2014)

Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcoholes)

  1. alcohol

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard) IPA(key): /əɫkuˈoɫ/

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcohols)

  1. (organic chemistry, countable) alcohol
  2. (uncountable) alcohol

Related terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al‧co‧hol

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcoholen)

  1. (countable, organic chemistry) alcohol (class of compounds)
  2. (uncountable) alcohol (ethanol specifically)

Related terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcohols)

  1. (rare) Alternative spelling of alcool

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol n (genitive alcoholis); third declension

  1. alcohol

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative alcohol alcohola
genitive alcoholis alcoholum
dative alcoholī alcoholibus
accusative alcohol alcohola
ablative alcohole alcoholibus
vocative alcohol alcohola

Related terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (oblique plural alcohous or alcohox or alcohols, nominative singular alcohous or alcohox or alcohols, nominative plural alcohol)

  1. alcohol


This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. This language is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

Via Andalusian Arabic from Arabic الكحل (al-kuħl, kohl)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /al.koˈol/, /alˈkol/

Noun[edit]

alcohol m (plural alcoholes)

  1. alcohol
  2. (mineralogy) galena
  3. (cosmetics) kohl, stibnite