blāvs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *blāwas, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰlew, *bʰlēw, *bʰlāw-, from the zero grade of *bʰel (shiny, white) (whence also Latvian balts (white)) with an extra -w. Some researchers consider blāvs a borrowing from Middle Low German blā, blāw (and likewise Lithuanian blãvas a borrowing from Latvian). Cognates include Lithuanian blãvas (pale), blausùs (cloudy; unclear, dim; gloomy; sleepy), Old High German blāo (blue; yellow), German blau (blue), Latin flāvus (golden, yellow; flaxen; blonde).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

blāvs (def. blāvais, comp. blāvāks, sup. visblāvākais; adv. blāvi)

  1. (of light, light sources) dim, faint, wan (weak; proudicing only dim, faint light)
    blāva spuldzedim (light) bulb
    blāvs mēnessdim moon
    blāva gaismadim light
    blāvajā mēness gaismā no durvīm uz manu pusi kūņojās kaut kas garš un balts — in the dim moonlight something long and white was dragging itself from the door to my side
  2. dull (not transparent, not clear)
    blāva stikla vāzedull, translucid glass vase
    aiz blāvās, putekļu klātās rūts pazibēja smaidīga meitenes seja — behind the dull, dust-covered (window) pane flashed a smiling girl's face
  3. dull, lackluster (not shiny, not emitting or reflecting (much) light; pale, whitish)
    blāvās krāsaspale colors
    Es ieskatos Harijam acīs; bet šodien tās ir blāvas — I look into Harijs' eyes; but today they are dull

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References[edit]

  1. ^ “blāvs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7