rust

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See also: růst and rüst

English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Rust
Rust on a can

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English rust, rost, roust, from Old English rust, rūst (rust), from Proto-Germanic *rustaz (rust), from Proto-Indo-European *rudʰso- (red), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red). Cognate with Scots roust (rust), Saterland Frisian rust (rust), West Frisian roast (rust), Dutch roest (rust), German Rost (rust), Danish rust (rust), Swedish rost (rust), Norwegian rust, ryst (rust). Related to red.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rust (plural rusts)

  1. The deteriorated state of iron or steel as a result of moisture and oxidation.
    The rust on my bicycle chain made cycling to work very dangerous.
  2. A reddish-brown color.
    rust colour:    
  3. A disease of plants caused by a reddish-brown fungus.


Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rust (third-person singular simple present rusts, present participle rusting, simple past and past participle rusted)

  1. (intransitive) to oxidize, especially of iron or steel.
    The patio furniture had rusted in the wind-driven spray.
  2. (transitive) to cause to oxidize.
    The wind-driven spray had thoroughly rusted the patio furniture.
  3. (intransitive) To be affected with the parasitic fungus called rust.
  4. (figuratively) To degenerate in idleness; to become dull or impaired by inaction.
    • Dryden
      Must I rust in Egypt? never more / Appear in arms, and be the chief of Greece?

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish rost (rust).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rost/, [ʁɔsd̥]

Noun[edit]

rust c (singular definite rusten, not used in plural form)

  1. rust
  2. corrosion

Verb[edit]

rust

  1. Imperative of ruste.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rust f, m (plural rusten)

  1. rest, calm, peace
    Waarom laat je me niet met rust?. - Why don't you leave me alone?
  2. (sports) half-time

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

rust

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of rusten
  2. imperative of rusten

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Noun[edit]

rust m, f (definite singular rusta or rusten) (uncountable)

  1. rust (oxidation of iron and steel)
  2. rust (disease affecting plants)

Verb[edit]

rust

  1. imperative of ruste

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Noun[edit]

rust f (definite singular rusta) (uncountable)

  1. rust (oxidation, as above)
  2. rust (plant disease)