pump

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English pumpe, possibly from Middle Dutch pompe (pipe, water conduit) or Middle Low German pumpe (pump). Compare Dutch pompen, German pumpen, and Danish pompe.

Noun[edit]

pump (plural pumps)

  1. A device for moving or compressing a liquid or gas.
    This pump can deliver 100 gallons of water per minute.
  2. An instance of the action of a pump; one stroke of a pump; any action similar to pumping
    It takes thirty pumps to get 10 litres; he did 50 pumps of the weights.
  3. A device for dispensing liquid or gas to be sold, particularly fuel.
    This pump is out of order, but you can gas up at the next one.
  4. (bodybuilding) A swelling of the muscles caused by increased blood flow following high intensity weightlifting.
    • 2010, Eric Velazquez, "Power Pairings", Reps! 17:83
      Want a skin-stretching pump? Up the volume by using high-rep sets.
      A great pump is better than coming. (Arnold Schwarzenegger)
  5. (colloquial) A ride on a bicycle given to a passenger, usually on the handlebars or fender.
    She gave the other girl a pump on her new bike.
  6. (US, obsolete, slang) The heart.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pump (third-person singular simple present pumps, present participle pumping, simple past and past participle pumped)

  1. (transitive) To use a pump to move (liquid or gas).
    I've pumped over 1000 gallons of water in the last ten minutes.
  2. (transitive) (often followed by up) To fill with air.
    He pumped up the air-bed by hand, but used the service station air to pump up the tyres.
  3. (transitive) To move rhythmically, as the motion of a pump.
    I pumped my fist with joy when I won the race.
    • 2010, Jack Engelhard, Indecent Proposal - Page 229
      Then he raised her and turned her around and as she pumped from a sitting position his left hand palmed her left breast and the ringers of his right hand were jammed inside her cunt along with his upright penis.
  4. (transitive) To shake (a person's hand) vigorously.
  5. (transitive) To gain information from (a person) by persistent questioning.
    • Otway
      But pump not me for politics.
  6. (intransitive) To use a pump to move liquid or gas.
    I've been pumping for over a minute but the water isn't coming through.
  7. (intransitive, slang) To be going very well.
    The waves were really pumping this morning.
    Last night's party was really pumping.
  8. (sports) To kick, throw or hit the ball far and high.
    • 2011 February 5, Michael Da Silva, “Wigan 4 - 3 Blackburn”, BBC:
      Blackburn pumped long balls towards Diouf as they became increasingly desperate to salvage a point, but Wigan held on for a win that may prove crucial in their quest for Premier League survival.
  9. (Scotland, slang) To pass gas; to fart.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, p. 82:
      People never pumped, just never never, but sometimes ye got smells.
  10. (computing) To pass (messages) into a program so that it can obey them.
    • Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5 documentation for Marshal.CleanupUnusedObjectsInCurrentContext
      The interop system pumps messages while it attempts to clean up RCWs.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The etymology of the term is unclear and disputed. One possibility is that it comes from "Pomp" (i.e. ornamentation), claimed in Skeat & Skeat's A Concise Etymological Dictionary of the English Language (ISBN 9781596050921), and another is that it refers to the sound made by the foot moving inside the shoe when dancing, suggested as a probable source in Chambers's etymological dictionary (James Donald - Published by W. and R. Chambers, 1867). The Oxford English Dictionary claims that it appeared in the 16th century, and lists its origin as "obscure". It has also been linked to the Dutch pampoesje, possibly borrowed from Javanese "pampus", ultimately from Persian (papush) / Arabic (babush) (International archives of ethnography: Volume 9 - Intern. Gesellschaft für Ethnographie; Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië - Ter Lands-drukkerij, 1870).

Noun[edit]

pump (plural pumps)

  1. (UK) A type of shoe, a trainer or sneaker.
  2. (chiefly North America) A type of very high-heeled shoe; stilettoes.
    She was wearing a lovely new pair of pumps.
  3. A dancing shoe.
  4. A type of shoe without a heel (source: Dictionarium Britannicum - 1736)
References[edit]
  • [1] Some images.
  • 1591 "Gabriel's pumps were all unpinkt i' th' heel" -- The Taming of the Shrew, William Shakespeare
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pump c

  1. a pump

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Welsh cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : pump
    Ordinal : pumed
Welsh Wikipedia article on pump

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pum (when followed by a singular noun)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kʷinkʷe, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Cardinal number[edit]

pump (before nouns pum)

  1. (cardinal) five

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pump bump mhump phump