-an

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ānus, which forms adjectives of belonging or origin from a noun.

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Of or pertaining to; an adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. (Often added to words of Latin origin, but also used with words of other origins. When a word ends in a, -n is used instead.)
    Rome : Roman
  2. Appended to nouns to form an agent noun. (When males with a profession are distinguished from females, males are -an, females -(i)enne.)
    comedian, from comedy +‎ -an
    historian, from history +‎ -an

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. forms the infinitive of verbs

Esperanto[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Obsolete form of -am.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. (personal) Forms the impersonal indicative present forms of verbs that include back vowels (a, o or u or i or e with a, o or u — compare -än), appended to the infinitive.
    • No changes in verbs that end in one a.
    juosta + -an -> juostaan
    • Verbs ending in -oa the beginning stem is followed by -ta- and then by this.
    sanoa, stem sano- + -ta- + -an -> sanotaan
    • Verbs ending in -aa or -ea the beginning stem is followed by -eta- and then by this.
    laittaa, stem lait- + -eta- + -an -> laitetaan
    paistaa, stem paist- + -eta- + -an -> paistetaan
    laskea, stem lask- + -eta- + -an -> lasketaan
  2. (case suffix) A suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.
    laiva boat (word includes back vowels, a — cf. -än) -> + -an = laivaan (on)to a/the boat; (in)to a/the boat
  3. (possessive) A variant for the third-person suffix -nsa, see the usage notes below.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (third-person possessive suffix variant): When the third-person suffix -nsa is appended to non-nominative noun forms that end in a single -a (those that are in singular and plural inessive, elative, adessive, ablative, essive and abessive and plural partitive and singular partitive ending with -ta), the S and A are very often omitted from the suffix and the last A of the case suffix preceding the remaining N is doubled — resulting in this -an. In standard Finnish, both the "full" form and the shortened form are acceptable (cf. -nsä). This same omission takes very often place also in the nominal verb forms used in shortened sentences (see the meanings of -nsa) and in the adverbs requiring this suffix:
Singular
(parti.) laitettansa -> laitettaan — koiraansa -> -"- (no changes)
(iness.) laitteessansa -> laitteessaan — koirassansa -> koirassaan
(elat.) laitteestansa -> laitteestaan — koirastansa -> koirastaan
(adess.) laitteellansa -> laitteellaan — koirallansa -> koirallaan
(ablat.) laitteeltansa -> laitteeltaan — koiraltansa -> koiraltaan
(ess.) laitteenansa -> laitteenaan — koiranansa -> koiranaan
(abess.) laitteettansa -> laitteettaan — koirattansa -> koirattaan
Plural
(partit.) laitteitansa -> laitteitaan — koiriansa -> koiriaan
(iness.) laitteissansa -> laitteissaan — koirissansa -> koirissaan
(elat.) laitteistansa -> laitteistaan — koiristansa -> koiristaan
(adess.) laitteillansa -> laitteillaan — koirillansa -> koirillaan
(ablat.) laitteiltansa -> laitteiltaan — koiriltansa -> koiriltaan
(ess.) laitteinansa -> laitteinaan — koirinansa -> koirinaan
(abess.) laitteittansa -> laitteittaan — koirittansa -> koirittaan

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Added to a back vowel adjective or numeral to create an adverb.
    pontos (accurate) → pontosan (accurately)
    hat (six) → Hatan mentünk moziba. - Six of us went to the cinema.
    nyolc (eight) → Nyolcan vannak a szobában. - There are eight people in the room.
  2. Added to a back vowel stem - often an onomatopoeias - to form a verb expressing an instantaneous action.
    kattan (to click, to make one clicking sound)
    robban (to explode)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (adverbial suffix): See under -n
  • (verb suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -an is added to back vowel words
    -en is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay -an, from Proto-Malayic *-an, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *-an, from Proto-Austronesian *-an.

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Suffix for collectivity
  2. Suffix for similarity
  3. Suffix for object
  4. Suffix for place
  5. Suffix for instrument
    bangun (to wake up, to get up) + -an = bangunan (building)

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *-an, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *-an, from Proto-Austronesian *-an.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an (Jawi spelling -ان)

  1. Suffix for collectivity
  2. Suffix for similarity
  3. Suffix for object
  4. Suffix for place
  5. Suffix for instrument
    bangun (to wake up, to get up) + -an = bangunan (building)

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-aną

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. (verbal suffix) used to form the infinitive of most verbs (exceptions are verbs like flēon "to flee" )
    singan "to sing"
    niman "to take"

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-aną

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. (verbal suffix) used to form the infinitive of strong verbs (exceptions are a few verbs ending in -ian like biddian or liggian)
    drinkan "to drink"
    hwerƀan "to travel"

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish -án.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an m

  1. A masculine suffix used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something, often used for male given names.
    1. Cailean, Eòghan, Ailean, Beathan
    2. clàran, clachan, bioran

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate to Irish -anna, Manx -yn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an pl

  1. Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
    1. clach (stone) > clachan
    2. damh (ox, stag) > damhan
    3. leannan (lover, sweetheart) > leannanan

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Suffix[edit]

-an (Cyrillic spelling -ан)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a (often negative) feature or endearment.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ.

Suffix[edit]

-an (Cyrillic spelling -ан)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create an adjective.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present indicative of -ar verbs.
  2. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.
  3. Suffix indicating the third-person plural imperative of -er and -ir verbs.

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. making a noun from a verb, similar to -ing and -ning, having -ningar as the plural, e.g. predika (to preach) → predikan (a sermon)
  2. -an; making a noun, describing a person by belief or nationality, e.g. Tibettibetan, lutheran, vegetarian

Derived terms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]