-an

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ānus, which forms adjectives of belonging or origin from a noun.

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. of or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    Rome, Roman
    Minnesota, Minnesotan
  2. Appended to nouns to form an agent noun.
    comedian, from comedy +‎ -an
    historian, from history +‎ -an

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. forms the infinitive of verbs

Esperanto[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Obsolete form of -am.

Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. (personal) Forms the impersonal indicative present forms of verbs that include back vowels (a, o or u or i or e with a, o or u — compare -än), appended to the infinitive.
    • No changes in verbs that end in one a.
    juosta + -an -> juostaan
    • Verbs ending in -oa the beginning stem is followed by -ta- and then by this.
    sanoa, stem sano- + -ta- + -an -> sanotaan
    • Verbs ending in -aa or -ea the beginning stem is followed by -eta- and then by this.
    laittaa, stem lait- + -eta- + -an -> laitetaan
    paistaa, stem paist- + -eta- + -an -> paistetaan
    laskea, stem lask- + -eta- + -an -> lasketaan
  2. (case suffix) A suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.
    laiva boat (word includes back vowels, a — cf. -än) -> + -an = laivaan (on)to a/the boat; (in)to a/the boat
  3. (possessive) A variant for the third-person suffix -nsa, see the usage notes below.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (third-person possessive suffix variant): When the third-person suffix -nsa is appended to non-nominative noun forms that end in a single -a (those that are in singular and plural inessive, elative, adessive, ablative, essive and abessive and plural partitive and singular partitive ending with -ta), the S and A are very often omitted from the suffix and the last A of the case suffix preceding the remaining N is doubled — resulting in this -an. In standard Finnish, both the "full" form and the shortened form are acceptable (cf. -nsä). This same omission takes very often place also in the nominal verb forms used in shortened sentences (see the meanings of -nsa) and in the adverbs requiring this suffix:
Singular
(parti.) laitettansa -> laitettaan — koiraansa -> -"- (no changes)
(iness.) laitteessansa -> laitteessaan — koirassansa -> koirassaan
(elat.) laitteestansa -> laitteestaan — koirastansa -> koirastaan
(adess.) laitteellansa -> laitteellaan — koirallansa -> koirallaan
(ablat.) laitteeltansa -> laitteeltaan — koiraltansa -> koiraltaan
(ess.) laitteenansa -> laitteenaan — koiranansa -> koiranaan
(abess.) laitteettansa -> laitteettaan — koirattansa -> koirattaan
Plural
(partit.) laitteitansa -> laitteitaan — koiriansa -> koiriaan
(iness.) laitteissansa -> laitteissaan — koirissansa -> koirissaan
(elat.) laitteistansa -> laitteistaan — koiristansa -> koiristaan
(adess.) laitteillansa -> laitteillaan — koirillansa -> koirillaan
(ablat.) laitteiltansa -> laitteiltaan — koiriltansa -> koiriltaan
(ess.) laitteinansa -> laitteinaan — koirinansa -> koirinaan
(abess.) laitteittansa -> laitteittaan — koirittansa -> koirittaan

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Added to a back vowel adjective or numeral to create an adverb.
    pontos (accurate) → pontosan (accurately)
    hat (six) → Hatan mentünk moziba. - Six of us went to the cinema.
    nyolc (eight) → Nyolcan vannak a szobában. - There are eight people in the room.
  2. Added to a back vowel stem - often an onomatopoeias - to form a verb expressing an instantaneous action.
    kattan (to click, to make one clicking sound)
    robban (to explode)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (adverbial suffix): See under -n
  • (verb suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -an is added to back vowel words
    -en is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay -an, from Proto-Malayic *-an, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *-an, from Proto-Austronesian *-an.

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Suffix for collectivity
  2. Suffix for similarity
  3. Suffix for object
  4. Suffix for place
  5. Suffix for instrument
    bangun (to wake up, to get up) + -an = bangunan (building)

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *-an, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *-an, from Proto-Austronesian *-an.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an (Jawi spelling -ان)

  1. Suffix for collectivity
  2. Suffix for similarity
  3. Suffix for object
  4. Suffix for place
  5. Suffix for instrument
    bangun (to wake up, to get up) + -an = bangunan (building)

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-aną

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. (verbal suffix) used to form the infinitive of most verbs (exceptions are verbs like flēon "to flee" )
    singan "to sing"
    niman "to take"

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-aną

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. (verbal suffix) used to form the infinitive of strong verbs (exceptions are a few verbs ending in -ian like biddian or liggian)
    drinkan "to drink"
    hwerƀan "to travel"

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish -án.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an m

  1. A masculine suffix used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something, often used for male given names.
    1. Cailean, Eòghan, Ailean, Beathan
    2. clàran, clachan, bioran

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate to Irish -anna, Manx -yn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an pl

  1. Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
    1. clach (stone) > clachan
    2. damh (ox, stag) > damhan
    3. leannan (lover, sweetheart) > leannanan

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Suffix[edit]

-an (Cyrillic spelling -ан)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a (often negative) feature or endearment.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ.

Suffix[edit]

-an (Cyrillic spelling -ан)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create an adjective.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present indicative of -ar verbs.
  2. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.
  3. Suffix indicating the third-person plural imperative of -er and -ir verbs.

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. making a noun from a verb, similar to -ing and -ning, having -ningar as the plural, e.g. predika (to preach) → predikan (a sermon)
  2. -an; making a noun, describing a person by belief or nationality, e.g. Tibettibetan, lutheran, vegetarian

Derived terms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-an

  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]