laiva

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See also: laivā

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *flauja-; compare Lithuanian laivas (ship). Related to Estonian laev.

Noun[edit]

laiva

  1. ship
  2. (architecture) nave

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

Buru laiva
Airu laiva

Etymology[edit]

The origin of this word is not clear. Some see it as a borrowing from Finnic (cf. Finnish laiva “ship; nave”, Estonian laev, Livonian lōja < *laiva, perhaps a borrowing from Proto-Germanic *flauja > laiva; cf. Old Norse fley “boat,” “raft”). However, since this etymology within Finnic is controversial, others consider laiva the reflex of an old Baltic term, perhaps originally used by Curonian fishermen and later spread to all the Eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. If this is true, a possible etymology is Proto-Baltic *leiw-, *laiw-, from Proto-Indo-European *ley- with an extra -w, from *el-ey, from *el- (to bend, to turn); in this case, the original meaning would have been “bent, concave (object).” Cognates include Lithuanian laĩvas, dialectal laĩvė, archaic laĩva.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

laiva f (4th declension)

  1. boat (small vehicle for transporting people, goods, etc. on water)
    buru laiva — sailboat
    airu laiva — rowboat
    zvejas laiva — fishing boat
    glābšanas laiva — rescue boat, lifeboat
    sacīkšu laiva — racing boat
    laivu stacijaboathouse
    braukt ar laivu — to go by boat, to ride a boat
    vizināties, braukt ar laivu pa ezeru — to go for a boat ride on the lake
    nolicis airi, noliecos pār laivas malu un sāku raut ūdens augus — letting go of the oar, he leaned over the boat edge and began to pluck the aquatic plants

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “laiva” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Votic[edit]

Noun[edit]

laiva

  1. ship, boat