alus

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Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See the postposition all.

Noun[edit]

alus (genitive aluse, partitive alust)

  1. bottom
  2. watercraft

Declension[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɑlus]
  • Hyphenation: a‧lus

Noun[edit]

alus

  1. vessel, craft, ship (vehicle designed for navigation in or on water or air or through outer space)
  2. underlay (anything underlaid)
  3. (grammar, rare) subject

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Alus on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Alus

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *alu-, from Proto-Indo-European *alu-, *h₂elu- (bitter). A minoritary view considers the Latvian and Lithuanian terms to be ultimately borrowings from Germanic, via Old Prussian. Cognates include Lithuanian alùs, Old Prussian alu (honey drink), Old East Slavic олъ (olŭ, strong drink), Bulgarian оловина (olovína, beer yeast), Slovene ôl (beer), Old English ealu, alu, English ale, Old Norse ǫl (beer; feast), Ancient Greek ἀλύδοιμος (alúdoimos, bitter).[1]

Pronunciaton[edit]

Noun[edit]

alus m (3rd declension)

  1. beer (alcoholic beverage usually made with barley malt and hops)
    gaišais alus — lager (lit. light beer)
    tumšais alus — dark beer
    alus mucabeer barrel, keg
    alus kaussbeer mug
    alus darītava — brewery (lit. beer making place)
    alus rūpniecībabeer industry
    darīt, brūvēt alu — to make, to brew beer
    Jāņiem tika brūvēts alus, un nu staigāja no mutes uz muti liela, zaļa māla krūze, putām pārsegta, rūgteni smaržīga dzēriena pilna — in midsummer beer was brewed, and then a big, green clay jug went from mouth to mouth, covered with foam and full of (that) bitter, aromatic drink

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “alus” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *alu, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut-.

Cognate with Common Slavic *olъ (beer) and Old Prussian alu (beer).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alùs m (plural ãlūs) stress pattern 4

  1. beer

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 370