beer

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See also: Beer, béer, and be-er

English[edit]

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A glass of beer.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bere, from Old English bēor (beer), from Proto-Germanic *beuzą (beer), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰews-, *bews- (dross, sediment, brewer's yeast). Cognate with West Frisian bier (beer), German Low German Beer (beer), Dutch bier (beer), German Bier (beer), Icelandic bjór (beer), Swedish buska (freshly brewed beer, new beer), Middle Dutch & Middle Low German būsen (to feast, booze, drink heavily), Middle High German būs (a swelling). Non-Germanic cognates include probably Albanian mbush (to fill, stuff). More at booze.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beer (countable and uncountable, plural beers)

  1. (uncountable) An alcoholic drink fermented from starch material commonly barley malt, often with hops or some other substance to impart a bitter flavor.
    Beer is brewed all over the world.
    I love beer but I know it is bad for you.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      “[…] the awfully hearty sort of Christmas cards that people do send to other people that they don't know at all well. You know. The kind that have mottoes like
        Here's rattling good luck and roaring good cheer, / With lashings of food and great hogsheads of beer. […]”
  2. (uncountable) A fermented extract of the roots and other parts of various plants, as spruce, ginger, sassafras, etc.
  3. (uncountable) A solution produced by steeping plant materials in water or another fluid.
  4. (countable) A glass, bottle, or can of any of the above beverages.
    I bought a few beers from the shop for the party.
    Can I buy you a beer?
    I'd like two beers and a glass of white wine.
  5. (countable) A variety of the above beverages.
    Amstel is one of the most commonly sold beers in Europe.
    I haven't tried this beer before.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Look at pages starting with beer.

Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English beere, equivalent to be +‎ -er.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beer (plural beers)

  1. One who is or exists.
    • 1990, Budge Wilson, “Be-ers and Doers”, in The leaving, and other stories:
      That meant, among other things, that he was going to be a fast-moving doer. And even when he was three or four, it wasn't hard for me to know that this wasn't going to be easy. Because Albert was a beer. Born that way.
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch beer.

Noun[edit]

beer (plural bere, diminutive beertjie)

  1. bear

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch *bero, from Proto-Germanic *berô. Compare West Frisian bear, English bear, German Bär, Danish bjørn.

Noun[edit]

beer m (plural beren, diminutive beertje n)

  1. bear (large predatory mammal of the family Ursidae)
  2. (metaphor) person who is physically impressive and/or crude
    Wat een beer van een vent daar voorin, he?
    What a bear of a guy there in front, huh?
  3. (student slang) debt, credit
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Dutch *bēr, from Proto-Germanic *baizaz. Cognate with English boar.

Noun[edit]

beer m (plural beren, diminutive beertje n)

  1. boar (male porcine)
  2. protective external construction, notably against ice or supporting the weight of the main
Dutch: a 'beer' or 'steunbeer'
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

beer m (plural beren, diminutive beertje n)

  1. manure (excrement gathered in a pit to fertilize)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

beer

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of beō

Limburgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to English beer.

Noun[edit]

beer n

  1. beer
  2. any alcoholic drink

Inflection[edit]

Inflection
Root singular Root plural Diminutive singular Diminutive plural
Nominative beer bere beerke beerkes
Genitive beers bere beerkes beerkes
Locative baer baere baerke baerkes
Dative* baerem baerer baeremske baeremskes
Accusative* beer berer beerke beerkes
  • The dative and accusative are obsolete nowadays, use the nominative instead.

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Vulgar Latin *badō (I am open).

Verb[edit]

beer

  1. (transitive) to open
  2. (intransitive) to open
  3. (chiefly) to pant; to breathe heavily
  4. (figuratively) to desire; to lust for

Conjugation[edit]

  • This verb conjugates similarly to other verbs ending -er. However, in the present tense an extra supporting e is needed in the first-person singular indicative and throughout the singular subjunctive, and the third-person singular subjunctive ending -t is lost. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]