hop

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: họp, hóp, and hớp

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hoppen, from Old English hoppian (to hop, spring, leap, dance), from Proto-Germanic *huppōną (to hop), from Proto-Indo-European *kewb- (to bend, bow). Cognate with Dutch hoppen (to hop), German hopfen, hoppen (to hop), Swedish hoppa (to hop, leap, jump), Icelandic hoppa (to hop, skip).

Noun[edit]

hop (plural hops)

  1. A short jump
  2. A jump on one leg.
  3. A short journey, especially in the case of air travel, one that take place on private plane.
  4. (sports, US) A bounce, especially from the ground, of a thrown or batted ball.
  5. (US, dated) A dance.
  6. (computing, telecommunications) The sending of a data packet from one host to another as part of its overall journey.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hop (third-person singular simple present hops, present participle hopping, simple past and past participle hopped)

  1. (intransitive) To jump a short distance.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter V
      When it had advanced from the wood, it hopped much after the fashion of a kangaroo, using its hind feet and tail to propel it, and when it stood erect, it sat upon its tail.
  2. (intransitive) To jump on one foot.
  3. (intransitive) To be in state of energetic activity.
    Sorry, can't chat. Got to hop.
    The sudden rush of customers had everyone in the shop hopping.
  4. (transitive) To suddenly take a mode of transportation that one does not drive oneself, often surreptitiously.
    I hopped a plane over here as soon as I heard the news.
    He was trying to hop a ride in an empty trailer headed north.
    He hopped a train to California.
  5. (intransitive, usually in combination) To move frequently from one place or situation to another similar one.
    We were party-hopping all weekend.
    We had to island hop on the weekly seaplane to get to his hideaway.
  6. (obsolete) To walk lame; to limp.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  7. To dance.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Smollett to this entry?)
Synonyms[edit]

(jump a short distance): jump, leap

Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch hoppe.

Noun[edit]

hop (plural hops)

  1. the plant (Humulus lupulus) from whose flowers, beer or ale is brewed
  2. (usually plural) the flowers of the hop plant, dried and used to brew beer etc.
  3. (US, slang) Opium, or some other narcotic drug.
    • 1940, Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, Penguin 2010, p. 177:
      ‘You've been shot full of hop and kept under it until you're as crazy as two waltzing mice.’
  4. The fruit of the dog rose; a hip.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hop (third-person singular simple present hops, present participle hopping, simple past and past participle hopped)

  1. To impregnate with hops, especially to add hops as a flavouring agent during the production of beer
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)

Etymology 3[edit]

This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology.

Noun[edit]

hop (plural hops)

  1. a narcotic drug, usually opium
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hopp (jump).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hop n (singular definite hoppet, plural indefinite hop)

  1. jump
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See hoppe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hop

  1. Imperative of hoppe.

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hop

  1. Voila!, hey presto!

External links[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hop c hop

  1. heap, collection; a whole bunch

Related terms[edit]