his

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See also: His and hís

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English his (his, its), from Proto-Germanic *hes (of this), genitive of *hiz (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this). Cognate with Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic hans (his). More at he.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

his

  1. Belonging to him. [from 8th c.]
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.i:
      With that he put his spurres vnto his steed, / With speare in rest, and toward him did fare, / Like shaft out of a bow preuenting speed.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, The Celebrity:
      No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or otherwise his man would be there with a message to say that his master would shortly join me if I would kindly wait.
    • 2011, Xan Rice, The Guardian, 8 Apr 2011:
      In his first televised address since the siege in Abidjan began this week, Ouattara said he would focus on returning the country to normal to ease the plight of civilians.
  2. (obsolete) Its; belonging to it. (Now only when implying personification.) [11th-17th c.]
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.2:
      My stomacke could not well reach so farre: it is very much troubled to come to an end of that which it takes for his need.
    • 1611, Matthew 5:13, King James Version:
      Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted?
  3. (archaic) Used as a genitive marker in place of ’s after a noun, especially a masculine noun ending in -s, to express the possessive case. [from 11th c.]
    Ahab his mark for Ahab's mark.

Usage notes[edit]

  • When followed by a noun, it is sometimes referred to as a possessive adjective, qualifying the following noun. It is, however, the possessive case of the personal pronoun he.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

his

  1. That which belongs to him; the possessive case of he, used without a following noun.
    The decision was his to live with.

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Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

his n

  1. genitive singular indefinite of hi

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

his

  1. (music) B-sharp

Latin[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hīs

  1. dative masculine plural of hic
  2. dative feminine plural of hic
  3. dative neuter plural of hic
  4. ablative masculine plural of hic
  5. ablative feminine plural of hic
  6. ablative neuter plural of hic

Navajo[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • xis (in older Americanist literature)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

his

  1. pus

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

his (definite accusative hissi, plural hisler)

  1. feeling, sensation, emotion

Declension[edit]

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