-r

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Middle Irish perfective particle ro.

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. A suffix added to certain preverbs and subordinating conjunctions when these occur with past tense verbs, and in the past/conditional copular form of these preverbs and conjunctions.

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. Suffix for the indefinite plural form of some of the nouns of the third declension, chiefly if they end in a stressed vowel except -e or -i, or if it ends in an unstressed -e.
  2. Suffix for the present tense, active voice, indicative mood [all persons] for a small number of Swedish verbs which ends in a vowel except -a in the infinitive; formally also for a large part of those verbs which do end in -a in infinitive.
    Hon går = She walks.
    Vi dansar = We dance.

Usage notes[edit]

The modern treatment is to consider also the verbs which in present tense ends in -ar to use the suffix -r, even though they frequently are denoted -ar-verbs, as if the suffix would be -ar. However, the -a- is rather interpreted as being part of the stem of the verb.

See also[edit]

plural suffix
present tense suffix

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-r

  1. Simple present tense suffix.
    oku(-mak) - okur
    (to) read - he/she/it reads

Usage notes[edit]

  • Personal suffixes are added after "-r".
    oku + -r + -um = okurum (I read)
    oku + -r + -sun = okursun (you read)
    oku + -r = okur (he/she/it reads)
    oku + -r + -uz = okuruz (we read)
    oku + -r + -sunuz = okursunuz (you read)
    oku + -r + -lar = okurlar (they read)
  • If the verb ends in a consonant, then this suffix becomes "-ar", "-er", "-ır", "-ir", "-ur" or "-ür"
    yap - yapar
    git - gider
    kal - kalır
    gel - gelir
    bul - bulur
    gör - görür