im-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin im-, assimilated form of in- used before b-/p-/m-.

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Expressing negation; not.
Derived terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Widely used in borrowings (from French and Latin), and productive.

Etymology 2[edit]

From em-, from Old French em-, and also from later Middle French im-, partly by confusion with im- of Latin origin (on which see above).

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Alternative form of the prefix em-, itself variant of en-.
Derived terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Both used in borrowings (from French and Latin), and productive (appended as prefix to existing English words), as in imbed, imbitter, imbody, imbosom, imbower, imbrown; and similarly impark.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Skeat, Walter W. (1882) An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language. Oxford.

Catalan[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Form used before a root beginning with the letter b, m, or p of in-

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. a form of the prefix in-, used before b, m and p

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. great, very

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Assimilated form of in-, before b-/p-/m-.

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Alternative form of in-.

Portuguese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. a form of the prefix in-, used before b, m and p

Spanish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. a form of the prefix in-, used before b, m and p

Zulu[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im- (full noun prefix, basic form m-)

  1. Class 9 noun prefix.

Usage notes[edit]

The form im- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (m, b or p); in- is used in other cases.

See also[edit]