um-

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English um-, umbe-, embe-, from Old English ymb-, ymbe- (around), from Proto-Germanic *umbi (around, about, by, near), from Proto-Indo-European *ambʰi (by, around). Cognate with Dutch om- (around), German um- (around), Latin amb- (around, about), Latin ambi- (both), Ancient Greek ἀμφί (amphí, around, about), Sanskrit अभि (abhi, against, about). More at umbe.

Prefix[edit]

um-

  1. (no longer productive, obsolete except dialectally, chiefly Scotland) Prefix meaning around, about.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

um- (separable or inseparable)

  1. round, round about
  2. repeatedly, over again, re-
  3. in another way
  4. to the ground, down, over

Usage notes[edit]

When this prefix is separable, the stress falls on the prefix: ˈumbiegen, ˈumbilden, ˈumdeuten, ˈumgeben. When inseparable, the stress falls on the root: umˈflattern, umˈfluten, umˈgaukeln, umˈmauern.

Derived terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Prefix[edit]

um- (full noun prefix, basic form m-)

  1. Class 1 and 3 noun prefix.

Usage notes[edit]

The form um- is used with stems that have more than one syllable, such as umfana or umlilo. With stems of only one syllable, the prefix is umu-.

See also[edit]