em

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The typographic em is named after the metal type for the capital M in early printing, whose body was square (the printed letter M is almost never one em in width).

Noun[edit]

em (plural ems)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter M/m.
    The ems and ens at the beginnings and ends.
  2. (typography) A unit of measurement equal to the height of the type in use.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Coined by Christine M. Elverson by removing the "th" from them, perhaps influenced by 'em.

Pronoun[edit]

em (third-person singular, gender-neutral, objective case, reflexive emself, possessive eir)

  1. (neologism) them (singular). Gender-neutral third-person singular object pronoun, coordinate with him and her.
    • 1986 April 1, Michael Spivak, The Joy of TeX: A Gourmet Guide to Typesetting with the AMS-TeX macro package[1], Providence: American Mathematical Society, LCC Z253.4.T47 S673 1986, ISBN 0821829998, LCCN 85007506, page 68:
      If the author uses such notation, it should be up to Em to indicate Eir intentions clearly, but there's no harm checking first.
    • 1997, Steven Shaviro, Doom Patrols : A Theoretical Fiction About Postmodernism, London: Serpent's Tail, ISBN 9781852424305, LCCN 9668813, page 138:
      I may become quite intimate with someone, spend hours with em every night, and yet not have the slightest idea what eir voice sounds like, or what eir RL body looks, feels, and smells like.
    • 2000, Jane Love, “Ethics, Plugged and Unplugged: The Pegagogy of Disorderly Conduct”, in Inman, James A.; Sewell, Donna N. editors, Taking flight with OWLs: Examining Electronic Writing Center Work[2], Taylor & Francis, LCC PE1414.T24 1999, ISBN 0805831711, page 193:
      E invites em to consider how ey represent emselves[sic], and in so doing, e focuses eir attention on the ethics that make human relations possible.
    • 2011 March 15, RJ Edwards, “#89: New Friend”, Riot Nrrd, accessed on 2012-10-06:
      And ultimately: I think my readers are mature enough that knowing eir assigned gender is not going to give them an “excuse” to misgender em.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Compare um.

Interjection[edit]

em

  1. (Scotland, Ireland) a form of hesitant speech, or an expression of uncertainty; um; umm; erm
    She was going to, em... the salon, I think.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

em (proclitic, contracted m', enclitic me, contracted enclitic 'm)

  1. me (direct or indirect object)

Declension[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

em

  1. we; us (first-person plural personal pronoun)

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

em (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter M.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Multiple Latin names for the letter M, m have been suggested. The most common is em or a syllabic m, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , əm, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ιμμε (imme).

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Latvian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

em m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter M/m.

See also[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

em

  1. unstressed form of him

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese en, from Latin in (in), from Proto-Indo-European *én (in).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

em

  1. in; inside (contained by)
  2. on (on the surface of)
    • 2003, J. K. Rowling, Lya Wyler, Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix, Rocco, page 417:
      Então o sorriso reapareceu em seu rosto [...]
      Then the smile reappeared on his face [...]
  3. in (surrounded by)
  4. in (part of; a member of)
  5. in (pertaining to)
  6. in (immediately after a period of time)
  7. in; during
  8. in (indicates a language, script, tone etc. of writing, speaking etc.)

Usage notes[edit]

When followed by an article, a demonstrative pronoun or adjective, em is combined with the article to give the following combined forms:


Scots[edit]

Verb[edit]

em

  1. (South Scots) Emphatic first-person singular simple present form of ti be

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • em.
  • e.m.
  • e. m.

Abbreviation[edit]

em

  1. pm (indicating hours in the afternoon); Abbreviation of eftermiddagen.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Since the 1960s, Sweden primarily uses the 24 hour clock, making am/pm abbreviations unnecessary and less common

Antonyms[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English him

Pronoun[edit]

em

  1. The third person singular pronoun refers to a person or thing other than the speaker or the person being spoken to. Pronouns in Tok Pisin are not inflected for different cases.
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:15 (translation here):
      God i mekim kamap tupela bikpela lait. Bikpela em san bilong givim lait long de, na liklik em mun bilong givim lait long nait. Na God i mekim kamap ol sta tu.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. This language is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

See also[edit]


Torres Strait Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English him

Pronoun[edit]

em

  1. he/she/it (third-person singular pronoun)

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): /ʔɛm˧˧/
  • (Huế) IPA(key): /ʔɛm˧˧/
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): /ʔɛm˧˥/

Adjective[edit]

em

  1. small, smaller

Antonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

em

  1. (familiar) I, me (when addressed to older person or husband)
  2. (familiar) you (when addressed to younger person)
  3. (familiar) she, her, he, him (when talking about younger person)
  4. Familial - to family members. you, when addressed to a younger sibling or to a wife.

Noun[edit]

em

  1. younger sibling