je

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See also: JE, -je, .je, , and

Albanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

je

  1. second-person singular present indicative of jam

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jь, *ja, *je, originally from Proto-Indo-European *eno-, *ono-, *no-.[cs 1]

Pronoun[edit]

je (personal pronoun, accusative case)

  1. the third-person plural accusative case of on
  2. the third-person plural accusative case of ona
  3. the third-person plural accusative case of ono
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Formerly jest, from Proto-Slavic *estь, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es-.[cs 1]

Verb[edit]

je

  1. Third person singular present tense of být

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2007, Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, edition Version 1.0 (in Czech), Prague: Leda:

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

je

  1. Second-person singular, subjective, unstressed form of jij (you)
    Wat doe je daar? — What are you doing there?
  2. Second-person singular, objective, unstressed form of jou (you)
    Ik doe dit wel voor je. — I'll do this for you.
  3. Second-person plural, subjective, unstressed form of jullie (you) (plural)
    Wat doe je daar? — What are you doing there?
  4. Second-person plural, objective, unstressed form of jullie (you) (plural)
    Ik doe dit wel voor je. — I'll do this for you.
Declension[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Determiner[edit]

je (second person, possessive)

  1. Second-person singular, unstressed form of jouw (your)
    Neem je boek en maak die oefening. — Take your book and do that exercise.
  2. Second-person plural, unstressed form of jullie (your) (plural)
    Neem je boeken en maak die oefening. — Take your books and do that exercise.
Declension[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

je (second person, reflexive)

  1. Second-person singular of je (yourself)
    Heb je je gewassen? — Did you wash yourself?
  2. Second-person plural of je (yourselves)
    Hebben jullie je goed voorbereid? — Have you all prepared yourselves well?
Declension[edit]



Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

je

  1. An all-purpose preposition.

Usage notes[edit]

The preposition je can replace any other preposition and remain grammatically correct, albeit more ambiguous. It is usually clear what meaning is intended based on context.

Without context, Donu ĝin je mi could mean any of the following:

Donu ĝin je [al] mi. — “Give it to me.”
Donu ĝin je [el] mi. — “Give it from me.”
Donu ĝin je [kun] mi. — “Give it with me.”

Without context, La kato saltis je la tablon could mean any of the following:

La kato saltis je [sur] la tablon. — “The cat jumped onto the table.”
La kato saltis je [malsupre] la tablon. — “The cat jumped under the table.”
La kato saltis je [malantaŭ] la tablon. — “The cat jumped behind the table.”

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French jo, from Vulgar Latin *eo, from Latin ego, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Near cognates include Spanish yo and Italian io. Further cognates include Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ), Russian я (ya) English I, German ich, etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

je (first person singular, plural nous, object me, emphatic moi)

  1. I

Usage notes[edit]

  • When more pronouns are included in the same sentence, it is considered impolite to say the pronoun je at first, it must be the last one, and tu must be said after absent (this applies also for toi and moi):
    • Nous irons, Rose, toi et moi, "Rose, you and I will go".

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old High German io.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /jeː/
  • Rhymes: -eː
  • Homophone: jäh (only according to a regional pronunciation of this word)

Adverb[edit]

je

  1. ever
    • 1930, Paul Joachimsen, Der Humanismus und die Entwicklung des deutschen Geistes, in: Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte, 8, page 467:
      Und nun kommt die Reformation selbst. Die größte geistige Umwälzung, die je ein Volk des Abendlandes erlebt hat.
      And now comes the Reformation itself. The largest spiritual upheaval that was ever experienced by a nation of the Occident.
  2. per
  3. (with “desto” or “umso) the ... the ...
    je mehr, desto besser — “the more the merrier”
    je mehr, umso besser – “the more the merrier”

Related terms[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “Related to zye?”

Noun[edit]

je

  1. eye

Synonyms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Shortening of Jesús (Jesus).

Interjection[edit]

je

  1. oh my!

Etymology 2[edit]

From English yeah.

Interjection[edit]

je

  1. (slang) yeah (indicating enthusiastic appreciation, etc.)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

je n (genitive singular jes, nominative plural je)

  1. (obsolete) Name of the letter J, j.
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
  • (name of J, j): joð

Lojban[edit]

Cmavo[edit]

je (rafsi jev or jve)

  1. (conjunction) and; joins two predicate words (selbri) in a complex predicate
    le sutra je bunre lorxu cu plipe
    The quick and brown fox jumps.
    la ceikspir. pu cusku lu le gunma mivmu'e cu tsina .ije ro lo nanmu je ninmu cu po'o xe draci li'u
    Shakespeare said "All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players"

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

je

  1. accusative of wóni

Related terms[edit]

  • nje (after a preposition)

Middle French[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

je

  1. Alternative form of ie.

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin ego.

Pronoun[edit]

je

  1. I
    • circa 1176, Chrétien de Troyes, Cligès:
      qant je vos voi de tel meniere
      when I see you in such a state

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

je

  1. accusative of one

Verb[edit]

je

  1. third-person singular present indicative of jeść

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Shortened from jȅst (is).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

je (Cyrillic spelling је)

  1. is (clitic third-person singular present of bȉti (to be))

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

je (Cyrillic spelling је)

  1. of her (clitic genitive singular of òna (she))
  2. to her (clitic accusative singular of òna (she))
Declension[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Verb[edit]

je

  1. Third-person singular of of byť
  2. Third-person singular of jesť

Slovene[edit]

Verb[edit]

je

  1. third-person singular present tense form of biti.

Swahili[edit]

Particle[edit]

je

  1. well? now? (used to call attention to a question)

Usage notes[edit]

Je precedes the question, and is more commonly used in writing (to supplement for what is usually conveyed by tone of voice in speech).


Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

je (definite accusative, plural jeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J/j.

See also[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

je (definite accusative jeni, plural jeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J/j.

Declension[edit]